August 5, 1999

Subject: The Green Files: EARTHACTION Alert: 1998 - Hottest Year of the Millennium (and 1999 certainly topped that!) + PESTICIDES IN THE NEWS + ENVIROLINK NETWORK + WORLD SCIENTISTS' WARNING TO HUMANITY + SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL ECO-PROBLEMS ONLINE + Breast Cancer and anti-perspirants...

-- Please help in networking all this information

Hello everyone

Just a quick word to introduce this email. As we prepare for the August 11 meditation and WORLD EARTH HEALING DAY and as the scorching heat wave slowly recedes in the US - while other parts of the world, especially East Asia, are swamped with apocalyptic floods - some of you may wish to TAKE ACTION, not just meditate, to help alleviate the world's traumatic travail as we approach the third millennium and are faced with *really* major global challenges. If this is so, you may want to take a look at what the EARTHACTION NETWORK proposed a few days ago to their 1,500+ citizen groups in 151 countries. Also being more aware, after reading this excellent report from the RACHEL'S ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH WEEKLY newsletter included below, about how treacherous our food and much everything else has become because "our" governments decided to let the industrial behemoths of our age rule and poison the world, you may then also wish to ponder the Global Warning to Humanity given by 1500 scientists in 1992...

Think globally and act responsibly...

Jean Hudon
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator

Subject: EA Alert: 1998 - Hottest Year of the Millennium
Date: Tue, 27 Jul 1999
From: Will McNaughten Loving <>

26 July, 1999

1998-Hottest Year of the Millennium

An action toolkit from the EARTHACTION NETWORK

Synopsis: Warming is destabilizing the climate that has supported human
civilization for thousands of years. The deep oceans are warming,
fracturing Antarctic ice shelves and disrupting rainfall patterns.
Glaciers are melting. Oceans are rising. Tropical diseases are spreading.
It's time to send a message to our leaders that stronger action is needed
now to prevent violent changes to our planet's weather

For information on unsubscribing to this list or for more information
about EarthAction, see the end of this document.

***** ***** *****

I. Action Alert:
THE IS HEAT IS ON: 1998-Hottest Year of the Millennium

Each year humans pump 6 billion tons of heat-trapping carbon gas into our
thin band of atmosphere whose boundary is only 20 kilometers (12 miles)
overhead. The buildup of "greenhouse gases"-especially carbon dioxide
(CO2) from the burning of oil and coal and the destruction of forests-is
causing an increase in extreme weather.

1998 saw an extraordinary ice storm which immobilized parts of Canada for
weeks; massive fires in Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.; killer heat waves in
the Middle East and India; Mexico's worst drought in 70 years; flooding
in China which left 14 million homeless; the worst flooding in the
history of Bangladesh; and over 9,000 hurricane deaths in Central America.

In 1997 in Kyoto, Japan, the richer countries agreed that by 2012 they
would cut their emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases by 5.5 %
below 1990 levels. Even if they succeed, by 2012 overall global emissions
will still be 30% higher than they were in 1990-as the less affluent,
developing nations burn more fossil fuel.

The Kyoto goals are pitifully inadequate compared to the requirements of
nature. Just to maintain current carbon levels in the atmosphere, which
are already changing our climate, requires cuts in emissions of 50%-70%!
For the climate to re-stabilize itself requires deeper cuts.

The solution must include a global transition to renewable energy
technologies like solar and wind power. This transition would create
millions of jobs worldwide and give us cleaner air. All that is lacking
is the political will.

To begin the transition, governments should:

1. Redirect government support that is currently given for fossil
fuels-which now amounts to about US$300 billion globally-to renewable
energy (and to retraining oil and coal workers).

2. Create a global fund to finance renewable energy in developing nations
and the protection of forests. One possible funding source-a levy of a
quarter of a cent per US dollar on international currency
transactions-would generate over $200 billion a year.

3. Negotiate an agreement to rapidly reduce global greenhouse gas
emissions to a safe level.


Contact one or more of your representatives in your parliament/congress.
Ask them to urge your government to:

o Redirect fossil fuel subsidies to renewable energy.

o Raise funds from a levy on international currency transfers for a
democratically controlled global fund for renewable energy in developing
nations and the protection of forests.

o Demand an ultimate global cap on greenhouse gas emissions at 30% of
current levels-with emission rights allocated fairly among all countries.

Please act now. If enough of us speak out together, we can make a
difference for the future of our planet.

A sample letter, which you can personalize and send to your
representatives, is provided below.

***** ***** *****


Dear ____________________,

I am writing to express my concern about the threat to our nation and our
civilization posed by global warming.

More than 2,000 scientists in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC) have reported to the United Nations that the planet is
warming as a result of human activities. The buildup of "greenhouse
gases" in the atmosphere, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels such
as oil and gas and from the destruction of our forests, is trapping the
sun's energy, with potentially catastrophic consequences.

The certain impacts of global warming are rising sea levels, more
extensive droughts, and an increase in floods and severe storms. Glaciers
are melting, the deep oceans are warming, many species are threatened and
major infectious diseases are spreading to new areas.

The IPCC has made it clear that cuts of at least 50% to 70% in global
greenhouse gas emissions are necessary to allow our climate to
restabilize itself. Meeting in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, the governments of
the industrialized countries agreed to reduce their emissions by a meager
5.5% by 2012, but over the period of the agreement global emissions are
projected to increase by 30%. When our governments meet again for climate
negotiations this October in Bonn, Germany, it is vital that they take
far more aggressive action.

A solution to the problem must include a global transition to renewable
energy technologies like solar and wind power. To begin the transition
our government, together with others, should:

1. Redirect government support that is currently given for fossil
fuels-which now amounts to about US$300 billion globally-to renewable
energy (and to retraining oil and coal workers).

2. Create a global fund to finance renewable energy in developing nations
and the protection of forests. One possible funding source-a levy of a
quarter of a cent per US dollar on international currency
transactions-would generate over $200 billion a year.

3. Negotiate an agreement to rapidly reduce global greenhouse gas
emissions to a safe level.

The longer we delay, the greater the risk of catastrophic consequences.

[For members of parliament/congress:] Please urge the government, perhaps
through a letter to the appropriate cabinet member, to give the highest
priority to these three goals. And please let me know what action you
take on this critically important issue. Many thanks for your attention.
I look forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,

***** ***** *****


Many additional materials are available for this particular campaign:

- Parliamentary Alert (for sending to Parliamentarians)
- Background Information on Climate Change
- Pulitzer Prize winning cartoon David Horsey
- "Nowhere to Hide", a summary of Climate Change worldwide
- Resources on Climate Change (contacts, publications, web sites)
- "The Climate Negotiations", article
- "Behind the Climate Negotiations", article
- Climate Change charts & graphics
- Press Release
- Formatted PDF versions of this Kit
- How to Use an Action Kit"

All are available at our website French & Spanish
versions are also available on the web, in printed form or via email by
request. If you need assistance in using these materials, please contact

All materials distributed by EarthAction, unless otherwise noted, may be
freely reproduced and re-formatted for your own uses and publications. We
would appreciate receiving copies of publications where our materials are

***** ***** *****


The EarthAction Network consists of over 1,500 citizen groups in 151
countries. Our purpose is to enable thousands of organizations, citizens,
journalists and parliamentarians to act together simultaneously around
the world on critical global issues. EarthAction produces an Action Kit
eight to twelve times a year which is distributed to our Partner
Organizations for use in mobilising their members to take action on
important global issues. Partnership in the EarthAction Network is
offered to citizen groups free of charge-however, groups that have the
resources are asked to contribute US$30 to $100 per year. Individuals may
also join the EarthAction Network for US$25 per year.

EarthAction International Offices:

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Tel. 1-413-549 8118
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If you ever have trouble subscribing or unsubscribing, or have questions
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Contact Toll free at 1-888-2RACHEL, or at
(410) 263-1584, or fax us at (410) 263-8944.

Pesticides continue to produce unpleasant surprises around the world.

** In April, researchers in Switzerland announced that much of
the rain falling on Europe contains such high levels of
pesticides that rainwater would be illegal if it were supplied
as drinking water.[1] Rain over Europe is laced with atrazine,
alochlor and other common agricultural poisons sprayed onto

The European Union has set a drinking water standard of 100
nanograms per liter for any individual pesticide. Stephan
Muller at the Swiss federal Institute for Environmental
Science and Technology in Dubendorf reported finding one sample
of rain containing 4000 nanograms per liter of
2,4-dinitrophenol, a common pesticide (not to be confused with
the weed killer 2,4-D).

Muller had previously studied samples of rain from 41 storms
over Europe and found Atrazine at levels exceeding 100 nanograms
per liter in 9 of them. A 1999 study of rainfall in Greece found
one or more pesticides in 90% of 205 samples taken. Atrazine was
measurable in 30% of the 205 samples.[2]

Atrazine is a weed killer used on 96% of the U.S. corn crop each
year. Introduced in 1958, some 68 to 73 million pounds were used
in the U.S. in 1995, making it the best-selling pesticide in the
nation. Atrazine interferes with the hormone systems of mammals.
In female rats, it causes tumors of the mammary glands, uterus,
and ovaries. Two studies have suggested that it causes ovarian
cancer in humans. EPA [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency]
categorizes it as a "possible human carcinogen." Atrazine is
found in much of the drinking water in the midwestern U.S., and
it is measurable in corn, milk, beef and other foods. (See REHW

** Last March, well-known Swedish scientists Lennart Hardell and
Mikael Eriksson published a case-control study (404 cases and
741 controls) showing once again that non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
(NHL) is linked to pesticide exposures. Hardell and Eriksson
published their first study linking phenoxy herbicides to
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in 1981.[3]

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a group of cancers that arise in
the white blood cells. NHL is increasing rapidly in the U.S. and
elsewhere in the industrialized world.

Between 1973 and 1991, the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
increased at the rate of 3.3% per year in the U.S., making it
the third fastest-growing cancer (after prostate cancer, growing
at 3.9% per year, and melanoma of the skin, also growing at 3.9%
per year).[4] In Sweden, the incidence of NHL has increased at
the rate of 3.6% per year in men and 2.9% per year in women
since 1958.

In recent years, AIDS patients have contributed to the increase
in NHL, but a steady rise in the incidence of this disease was
apparent long before the AIDS epidemic. Together the known "risk
factors" for NHL --including immune-suppressing drugs, rare
immune-system diseases, and AIDS, explain only a small
proportion of NHL cases.

One of the herbicides linked to NHL by the most recent Hardell
study is glyphosate, sold by Monsanto under the trade name
Roundup. A previous study of human subjects in 1998 had
implicated Roundup in hairy cell leukemia (cancer of the
blood-forming organs), a rare kind of NHL.[5] Several animal
studies have shown that Roundup can cause gene mutations and
chromosomal aberrations.[3]

The use of Roundup is expected to increase substantially in the
next few years because several of Monsanto's genetically
engineered crops (such as potatoes and corn) are "Roundup Ready"
which means they have been specifically designed to withstand a
thorough dousing by Roundup. The goal is to create crops that
are not affected by Roundup so that unusually large quantities
of Roundup can be applied to eradicate weeds without harming the
crop. Roundup is Monsanto's most profitable product. (See REHW
#637, #638, #639.)

** Last month, researchers in the U.S. and Canada announced that
they had measured pesticides in the amniotic fluid of 30% of a
sample of 9 pregnant women in Los Angeles, California.[4] A baby
growing in the womb floats in amniotic fluid for 9 months before

The particular pesticide found in amniotic fluid -- p,p'-DDE --
is a breakdown byproduct of DDT and is known to interfere with
male sexual development by de-activating the male sex hormone,
testosterone. Until now, pesticides had not been measured in
amniotic fluid.

The unpublished study of pesticides in amniotic fluid was
reported at the 81st annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in
San Diego, California, in June.[6] The researchers released a
statement in San Diego saying, "The concentrations of p,p'-DDE
found (range of 0.01 to 0.63 nanograms per milliliter [parts per
billion]) are sufficient to cause concern, since the levels
measured are in the same range as some steroids [hormones] which
occur naturally in the fetus at the same time of development."
The statement also said, "Of the various health problems
associated with these chemicals, developmental abnormalities of
the male reproductive tract, suppression of immune function,
development of the brain and neurobehavioral problems in
children are of major concern because they are potentially
avoidable and irreversible."

One of the authors of the study, Siu Chan of the University of
Calgary in Canada, told NEW SCIENTIST magazine that researchers
cannot be sure that DDE would have any affect on babies exposed
continuously in the womb.[7] But Chan pointed out that
alligators were harmed by exposure to a similar chemical in
Florida after a chemical spill. "In males, the penis was much
smaller than normal," Chan said. (See REHW #372.) Several
studies of laboratory animals have confirmed that DDE can
interfere with normal sexual development of males and can cause
enlarged prostate glands.[8,9]


** Consumer's Union, publisher of CONSUMER REPORTS magazine
announced last February that many U.S. fruits and vegetables
carry pesticide residues that exceed the limits that EPA
considers safe for children. "Using U.S. Department of
Agriculture statistics based on 27,000 food samples from 1994 to
1997, the magazine looked at foods children are most likely to
eat," the NEW YORK TIMES reported.[11] "Almost all the foods
tested for pesticide residues were within legal limits, but were
frequently well above the levels the Environmental Protection
Agency says are safe for young children. According to the
Consumer's Union Report, even one serving of some fruits and
vegetables can exceed safe daily limits for young children," the
TIMES reported.

"Methyl parathion accounts for most of the total toxicity on the
foods that were analyzed, particularly peaches, frozen and
canned green beans, pears and apples. Late last year [EPA] said
that methyl parathion posed an 'unacceptable risk' but that it
had not taken any action to ban it or reduce its use.
Organophosphates [such as methyl parathion] are neurological
poisons and work the same on humans as they do on insects," the
TIMES said.

One of the main aims of the CONSUMER REPORTS study was to
compare pesticide levels on U.S.-grown foods vs. imported foods.
In almost every case imported foods had lower levels of
pesticides and/or less toxic pesticides than U.S.-grown foods.

In sum, many of us are being exposed -- without our informed
consent -- to industrial poisons starting in the womb, then in
our food and water more or less continuously throughout
childhood and into adulthood. Wildlife are being continuously
exposed as well. Many of these substances interfere with mental
and sexual development and can cause learning disorders and
violent behavior. (See REHW #529, #551, and #648.) Science has
no way of assessing what effects combinations of these poisons
will have.

Yet risk assessors working for the poisoners, and their
apologists in government, make a good living manipulating
mathematical models to "prove" that all of this is acceptably
safe. They are the conductors keeping the trains running on time
to Auschwitz, just doing their jobs.

But of course the owners of the trains are the industrial
poisoners and the political representatives they own.

It boils down to this: we must get private money out of our
elections so that we can choose political representatives who
are not in the pockets of the poisoners. Until that happens, the
poisoning will continue.

Check also the ENVIROLINK NETWORK, at, a central clearinghouse for environmental issues, the Internet's largest and most complete environmental information resource for activists, organizations, businesses, and government. 2 million people visit this site monthly. is updated daily with news and features.

The EnviroLink LIBRARY has 60,000 resources broken into categories,
and information is accessed by the use of key words (example,
'rainforest') or by environmental topic (example, 'climate change').

founded by Josh Knauer, founder also of the ENVIROLINK NETWORK, lists non-toxic household items that are good for people and the environment.

Here is -- as a reminder -- the famous Global Warning to Humanity by 1500 scientists issued in 1992. I found it by chance in the EnviroNews Service site ( in their Fri, 17 Feb 1995 1st message for the start of their new EnviroNews service.

I wonder what kind of assessment they would now make...


Human beings and the natural world are on a collision course. Human activities inflict harsh and often irreversible damage on the environment and on critical resources. If not checked, many of our current practices put at serious risk the future that we wish for human society and the plant and animal kingdoms, and may so alter the living world that it will be unable to sustain life in the manner that we know. Fundamental changes are urgent if we are to avoid the collision our present course will bring about.


The environment is suffering critical stress:

The Atmosphere

Stratospheric ozone depletion threatens us with enhanced ultra-violet radiation at the earth's surface, which can be damaging or lethal to many life forms. Air pollution near ground level, and acid precipitation, are already causing widespread injury to humans, forests and crops.

Water Resources

Heedless exploitation of depletable ground water supplies endangers food production and other essential human systems. Heavy demands on the world's surface waters have resulted in serious shortages in some 80 countries, containing 40% of the world's population. Pollution of rivers, lakes and ground water further limits the supply.


Destructive pressure on the oceans is severe, particularly in the coastal regions which produce most of the world's food fish. The total marine catch is now at or above the estimated maximum sustainable yield. Some fisheries have already shown signs of collapse. Rivers carrying heavy burdens of eroded soil into the seas also carry industrial, municipal, agricultural, and livestock waste -- some of it toxic


Loss of soil productivity, which is causing extensive land abandonment, is a widespread byproduct of current practices in agriculture and animal husbandry. Since 1945, 11% of the earth's vegetated surface has been degraded -- an area larger than India and China combined -- and per capita food production in many parts of the world is decreasing.


Tropical rain forests, as well as tropical and temperate dry forests, are being destroyed rapidly. At present rates, some critical forest types will be gone in a few years and most of the tropical rain forest will be gone before the end of the next century. With them will go large numbers of plant and animal species.

Living Species

The irreversible loss of species, which by 2100 may reach one third of all species now living, is especially serious. We are losing the potential they hold for providing medicinal and other benefits, and the contribution that genetic diversity of life forms gives to the robustness of the world's biological systems and to the astonishing beauty of the earth itself.

Much of this damage is irreversible on a scale of centuries or permanent. Other processes appear to pose additional threats. Increasing levels of gases in the atmosphere from human activities, including carbon dioxide released from fossil fuel burning and from deforestation, may alter climate on a global scale. Predictions of global warming are still uncertain -- with projected effects ranging from tolerable to very severe -- but the potential risks are very great.

Our massive tampering with the world's interdependent web of life -- coupled with the environmental damage inflicted by deforestation, species loss, and climate change -- could trigger widespread adverse effects, including unpredictable collapses of critical biological systems whose interactions and dynamics we only imperfectly understand.

Uncertainty over the extent of these effects cannot excuse complacency or delay in facing the threat.


The earth is finite. Its ability to absorb wastes and destructive effluent is finite. Its ability to provide food and energy is finite. Its ability to provide for growing numbers of people is finite. And we are fast approaching many of the earth's limits. Current economic practices which damage the environment, in both developed and underdeveloped nations, cannot be continued without the risk that vital global systems will be damaged beyond repair.

Pressures resulting from unrestrained population growth put demands on the natural world that can overwhelm any efforts to achieve a sustainable future. If we are to halt the destruction of our environment, we must accept limits to that growth. A World Bank estimate indicates that world population will not stabilize at less than 12.4 billion, while the United Nations concludes that the eventual total could reach 14 billion, a near tripling of today's 5.4 billion. But, even at this moment, one person in five lives in absolute poverty without enough to eat, and one in ten suffers serious malnutrition.

No more than one or a few decades remain before the chance to avert the threats we now confront will be lost and the prospects for humanity immeasurably diminished.


We the undersigned, senior members of the world's scientific community, hereby warn all humanity of what lies ahead. A great change in our stewardship of the earth and the life on it, is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided and our global home on this planet is not to be irretrievably mutilated.


Five inextricably linked areas must be addressed simultaneously:

1. We must bring environmentally damaging activities under control to restore and protect the integrity of the earth's systems we depend on.

We must, for example, move away from fossil fuels to more benign, inexhaustible energy sources to cut greenhouse gas emissions and the pollution of our air and water. Priority must be given to the development of energy sources matched to third world needs -- small scale and relatively easy to implement.

We must halt deforestation, injury to and loss of agricultural land, and the loss of terrestrial and marine plant and animal species.

2. We must manage resources crucial to human welfare more effectively. We must give high priority to efficient use of energy, water, and other materials, including expansion of conservation and recycling.

3. We must stabilize population. This will be possible only if all nations recognize that it requires improved social and economic conditions, and the adoption of effective, voluntary family planning.

4. We must reduce and eventually eliminate poverty.

5. We must ensure sexual equality, and guarantee women control over their own reproductive decisions.

The developed nations are the largest polluters in the world today. They must greatly reduce their overconsumption, if we are to reduce pressures on resources and the global environment. The developed nations have the obligation to provide aid and support to developing nations, because only the developed nations have the financial resources and the technical skills for these tasks.

Acting on this recognition is not altruism, but enlightened self-interest: whether industrialized or not, we all have but one lifeboat. No nation can escape from injury when global biological systems are damaged. No nation can escape from conflicts over increasingly scarce resources. In addition, environmental and economic instabilities will cause mass migrations with incalculable consequences for developed and undeveloped nations alike.

Developing nations must realize that environmental damage is one of the gravest threats they face, and that attempts to blunt it will be overwhelmed if their populations go unchecked. The greatest peril is to become trapped in spirals of environmental decline, poverty, and unrest, leading to social, economic and environmental collapse.

Success in this global endeavor will require a great reduction in violence and war. Resources now devoted to the preparation and conduct of war -- amounting to over $1 trillion annually -- will be badly needed in the new tasks and should be diverted to the new challenges.

A new ethic is required -- a new attitude towards discharging our responsibility for caring for ourselves and for the earth. We must recognize the earth's limited capacity to provide for us. We must recognize its fragility. We must no longer allow it to be ravaged. This ethic must motivate a great movement, convince reluctant leaders and reluctant governments and reluctant peoples themselves to effect the needed changes.

The scientists issuing this warning hope that our message will reach and affect people everywhere. We need the help of many.

We require the help of the world community of scientists -- natural, social, economic, political;

We require the help of the world's business and industrial leaders;

We require the help of the worlds religious leaders; and

We require the help of the world's peoples.

We call on all to join us in this task.


Over 1,500 members of national, regional, and international science academies have signed the Warning. Sixty-nine nations from all parts of Earth are represented, including each of the twelve most populous nations and the nineteen largest economic powers. The list includes a majority of the Nobel laureates in the sciences.

Union of Concerned Scientists, 96 Church Street, Cambridge, Mass 02238-9105, USA

Warning issued on November 18, 1992


NEW YORK, New York, July 28, 1999 (ENS) - An Internet site has been
launched that will share new initiatives that incorporate successful
approaches and technologies to address common world problems. The
HORIZON Solutions Site is collaborating with four programs at the United Nations
- Development, Environment, Population Fund, and UNICEF - as well as Harvard
and Yale universities, and Canada's International Development Research Centre.

For full text and graphics visit:

Subject: Breast Cancer and anti-perspirants...

Important information about breast cancer I just got information from a health seminar that I would like to share.

The leading cause of breast cancer is the use of anti-perspirants.


Yes, ANTI-PERSPIRANT. Most of the products out there are an anti-perspirant/deodorant combination so go home and check your labels.

Deodorant is fine, anti-perspirant is not. Here's why:

The human body has a few areas that it uses to purge toxins; behind the knees, behind the ears, groin area, and armpits. The toxins are purged in the form of perspiration. Anti-perspirant, as the name clearly indicates, prevents you from perspiring, thereby inhibiting the body from purging toxins from below the armpits. These toxins do not just magically disappear.

Instead, the body deposits them in the lymph nodes below the arms since it cannot sweat them out This causes a high concentration of toxins and leads to cell mutations: a.k.a. CANCER.

Nearly all breast cancer tumors occur in the upper outside quadrant of the breast area. This is precisely where the lymph nodes are located.

Additionally, men are less likely (but not completely exempt) to develop breast cancer prompted by anti-perspirant usage because most of the anti-perspirant product is caught in their hair and is not directly applied to the skin. Women who apply anti-perspirant right after shaving increase the risk further because shaving causes almost imperceptible nicks in the skin which give the chemicals entrance into the body from the armpit area.

PLEASE pass this along to anyone you care about. Breast Cancer is becoming frighteningly common. This awareness may save lives. If you are skeptical about these findings, I urge you to do some research for yourself. You will arrive at the same conclusions, I assure you.

Thank you.

Katrina Scott
Asst Director of Sports Marketing
Univ Maryland
P.O. Box 295
Cole Field House/Campus Drive
College Park, MD 20741-0295