November 24, 2000
Subject: Miscellaneous Subjects #44: "BLACK-SHIRT COUP IN FL" (THREAT TACTICS TO STEAL ELECTION WORKED) + Poetic Justice + The US is not a Democracy + US climate talks chief gets custard pie in face + Noam Chomsky on Globalising resistance to corporate power + Colombia: Monsanto, US War on Drugs Poison Environment + Scientist 'killed Amazon indians to test race theory' + Pentagon plans to rule the world!
Exceptionally, I must send you this 4th compilation this week because of the importance of what is going on in the US and The Hague at the Climate Summit. I also wrote some more detailed comments below to introduce Noam Chomsky's interview.
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2000
From: Mark Graffis <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: "BLACK-SHIRT COUP IN FL" (THREAT TACTICS TO STEAL ELECTION WORKED)
In a move resembling the uprising of the fascist mobs which brought
Mussolini to power in 1922, pro-Bush mobs stormed the offices of the Dade
County Canvassing Board earlier today. Shouting "Let us in, " "No more
Gore" and other pro-Bush slogans, the mob rushed into the offices,
overwhelming authorities, and engaging in what CNN called "a near riot."
Through intimidation, the threat of force, and mass action against the
legally constituted authorities, these mobs coerced the Canvassing Board
into suspending the manual recount. The "black shirt" aspect of this
affair is being downplayed by the mainstream media, but there are strong
indications that the board had decided on a complete recount until the
mobs stormed the Dade County Canvassing Board premises.
CNN correspondent Bill Schneider reported,
"I saw something I thought I would never see. A near riot by Republicans.
Republicans are not the kind of people to riot." [He's not allowing
himself to call a riot a riot, that might get him in trouble, hence it was
a, quote, "near riot"]
He observed that, "The canvassing board is under tremendous pressure."
CNN's interlocuter asked, Are you suprised by what appears to be a
complete turnaround on the part of the Board? Does it makes sense that
they would go to the extent of "staging a near riot perhaps to intimidate
the Dade County Canvassing Board"?
Schneider replied, "That is part of the game plan." He went on to add that
all forces are in play, and that the Republicans felt such moves were
necessary for them to acheive their goals.
There was no tone of condemnation, or moral indignation at the use of mobs
by the Republicans to coerce the board. As usual, the mainstream media
supports virtually any illegal or intimidating "mass action" when employed
for elite interests. Mass action on the part of disenfranchised blacks,
progressive working class forces, or "strident" radicals would be met with
cries of horror on the networks and standard news cable channels.
"Tempers flare in South Florida," said one correspondant introducing the
story. The notion of a black shirt coup, a la Mussolini, is alien to the
corporate controlled journalists.
The alternative media should seriously analyze such a notion. This
reporter noted in a previous release that the Bush family had connections
with vast numbers of covert assets, especially in Florida. George Herbert
Walker Bush, former head of the CIA, employed these assets against Fidel
Castro in Cuba, against the Sandinistas, and elsewhere in Latin America.
These assets, many of which are based in the far right-wing Cuban
community in Florida, were spawned by the creation of "operation
mongoose," a CIA black operations group. They originally included
thousands of mercenaries on the CIA payroll, and millions of dollars worth
of front businesses. They have been employed both inside and outside the
US, according the de-classified documents. Bush Senior's present
connection to these assets has been commented on by numerous and domestic
observers, though the issue has been ignored by the corporate press.
Make no mistake. The Bush family is prepared to use both force and the
THREAT of force to attain their goals. This is only the first taste of
Bushite tactics during the current crisis.
(end of quote from www.indymedia.org)
Here is how CNN reported this:
"in a huge blow to Gore's bid to win more Florida votes, and with them the
White House, election officials in Florida's Miami-Dade County today
abruptly called off a hand recount of presidential ballots. It means no
recounts at all will be added when the county submits its final
tally..Instead, the board voted unanimously to use the original election
returns compiled immediately after the November 7 balloting.
THE STUNNING ACTION reverses a decision made JUST A FEW HOURS EARLIER when
the panel said it would limit the county recount to 10,750 "undervotes" --
ballots on which no vote was registered by counting machines.
From: "Phyllis aka White Wolf Woman" <email@example.com>
Subject: Re: Medical Files #1
Date: Wed, 22 Nov 2000
Thanx 4 this info, especially the article from the Idaho Observer. This info turned my life around in the 80s; I was diagnosed w/ Cancer and chose 2 take responsibility 4 my healing. For those who wish to make this journey easier than mine was, see www.innerlightint.com.
Holding the vision of any and all misqualified and miscreated energy being transformed right here and right now.
Phyllis ~ Sungmanitu Ska ~ ICQ#2505539
Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2000
Subject: Poetic Justice
From: Pio Celestino <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Hola queridos mios: At the beginning I did this translation thinking of
my close friends and family. Reading it again, however, I decided to
send it to other friends too. This to suggest that you also share it
with your own friends. It is as the elections in Florida are seen South
of the border. Muchisimas gracias! Pio
Or how the empire adopted the political system of the "banana republics".
by Carlos Rafael Soto
It is usually called, "Poetic justice". In Spanish, "Justicia
Divina", divine justice. I am watching the perplexed faces of the
English speaking CNN analysts and I ask myself: øhow could John Kennedy
imagine that, when applying the most inhumane blockade that no Nation in
the world has ever endured, the only thing he was going to accomplish was
to strengthened the spirit of Cuba and cause the emigration of all those
who for many years had lived thanks to corruption and to political fraud?
John Kennedy opened the doors of his country to the followers of
Batista, and what he planted, now the United States is harvesting. The
greatest show on earth, designed to elect "the leader of the free world"
has ended up in a shameful and ludicrous fiasco. As in any banana
republic, now in the United States people talk of fraud in some Florida
counties, of electronic manipulation to cheat thousands of retirees that,
everyone knew, were going to vote for Gore, and of the need for a vote
recount to determine the winner of the Presidency. And in the heat of
the discussions numbers are brought up that one is used to hearing in the
Guatemala of the military rulers, in El Salvador, or, more recently, in
Peru of Fujimori and Montesinos. In Miami (It had to be there!) in
elections previous to the one of the Tuesday recently past 17 thousand
deceased persons and more than 50 thousand convicts that, of course, do
not have the right to vote, took part.
The millions of dollars that Gore and Bush spent were not enough.
Neither the respect for the unwritten rule according to which, to
seriously seek the Presidency of the greatest democracy (?) in the world,
three unavoidable requirements must be met: to be white, to be
Anglo-Saxon and to be protestant (Kennedy was the only catholic who won
the Presidency and everybody knows what happened to him.)
The spectacle, frankly, makes you laugh. Not because of the
Northamerican people , who are angry and in disbelief, but at their
leaders. It is like that story in which no one dared to say that the
king was naked. The situation can not be more scandalous; however, the
illustrious and outstanding men of the OAS remain silent with the
greatest prudence. No one has dared to suggest sending a mission of
observers to the United States, to investigate if there was fraud. No
one has spoken of a mediation to see if Gore and Bush could accept that
the elections in Florida be repeated or, in the best Peruvian style,
adopt the idea of calling for new elections within six months in which
neither Bush nor Gore could participate (even though, according to what
is being said, the dirty business was done by Bush's people, in a state
politically dominated by Cuban exiles and governed, this is funny, by his
youngest brother Jeb). Why Gaviria does not talk? Why the OAS has not
been called to an emergency meeting to study the political and electoral
situation of one of its member countries, in this case the United States?
Poetic Justice. Divine Justice, without a doubt. Forty years of
blockade to an heroic people and, as a result, to suffer the cancer of
the corruption that Cuba used to suffer before her Revolution. Divine
Justice. Poetic Justice. Indeed!
A Free Translation from the Spanish text provided by Sergio Gonzalez,
<email@example.com> by LSB and PLC, REFUGIO DEL RIO GRANDE, Texas, US.
From: "Rev. Simeon Nartoomid" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2000
Subject: Re: Miscellaneous Subjects #38
Short on time today, but felt compelled to share the following:
We are NOT a democracy in the USA, or at least that was not the intention of
our Founding Fathers. We are a Republic which uses democratic principles. While
this may seem a moot point, it is quite important. We have been lead to believe
we are a democracy. This opens the door to the opinion of the many overruling
and violating the rights of the few. In a Republic with a Constitution such as
ours this is not possible. The Constitution is designed to protect the
sovereign rights of all sovereign citizens so that democratic principle, which
must be employed, cannot become its own entity. The idea of the USA being a
democracy has been part and parcel of the usurpation of our Constitution.
Its time for people to educate themselves about this very important
Love & Peace,
+ Simeon Nartoomid
Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2000
From: Mark Graffis <email@example.com>
Subject: US climate talks chief gets custard pie in face
NETHERLANDS: November 23, 2000
THE HAGUE - Washington's chief negotiator at U.N. climate talks was
hit in the face with a custard pie yesterday by a protester angry at
what activists say is US reluctance to do anything meaningful to fight
A women walked up to Frank Loy, Under Secretary for Global Affairs at
the State Department, as he sat at a table giving a news briefing and
thrust the pie in his face, witnesses said.
"This is all a farce," shouted another environmentalist campaigner as
the woman was hustled away by security guards.
The United States wants to use mechanisms that would allow it to trade
the right to pollute with other countries as a way of meeting targeted
cuts in emissions under the 1997 Kyoto global warming pact, rather
than having to make many actual reductions in its own emissions.
Earlier, more than 20 British activists disrupted a meeting of a group
of government ministers discussing an agreement aimed at curbing
emissions of heat-trapping gases warming the planet.
A British protest group Corporate Watch said the conference was doing
nothing to protect people affected by the operations of oil
multinationals and climate change, especially those in central America
and the Niger Delta, Bangladesh and Pacific Islands.
"The plight of the people isn't even on the agenda. Instead we have a
carbon casino masquerading as a solution to a global crisis," a Carbon
Watch statement said
"We need drastic cuts in emissions. But what we see is a huggle of
gangsters, plotting the most profitable scams to dodge even the
woefully inadequate Kyoto targets."
REUTERS NEWS SERVICE
More Pie Pics at www.pieman.org
NOTE FROM JEAN: Last night I saw on a Quebec Network TV program (RDI) a most excellent in-depth analysis report of the people's movement that gradually built up into a successful worldwide protest effort to block the corporate takeover of the planet and led to the confrontation in Seattle last year that was instrumental in derailing the adoption by the World Trade Organization of the Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI). They explained very well how corrupt governments in the South accepted huge loans from the West during the Cold War to "grease" their allegiance to the Western World and then how all this money that disappeared almost entirely into the pockets of crooked politicians and their croonies balloned over the years into nearly 2 trillion dollars of debts that the poor countries of the South, their whole environment bleeding from the accelerating transfer of wealth towards the North, will never be able to repay. The grand reply from the IMF and World Bank following all the pressures from groups like Jubilee 2000 was to cancel a mere 3% of these interest-accured debts when they did 10 times more to save the shirts of wealthy investors who were losing money during the Asian crisis debacle...
This article below gives more info on the significance of this whole global struggle. Now the elite has decided to try to make their Pro-corporate Charter of rights adopted in the context of the Americas Free Trade Agreement during a Summit to be held next April near where I live in Quebec City. The negotiations are so secret this time that even elected representatives in Ottawa are unable to get their hand on the draft of the Agreement. Hopefully some good soul will leak it to through the Internet so we may all see the anti-workers, anti-environment and anti human rights pact they want to force upon all of us through corrupt politicians who never received any mandate to do so. Hopefully there will be again enough street protests as in Seattle, Washington and Prague to defeat this new strategy of the corporate elite. From the local news here, we learned some weeks ago that the center where the meeting will take place in Quebec will be cordoned off by thousands of riot police in full gear and that the perimeter they will protect will be unprecendented in size... Never will the protesters be so prevented from expressing their right of dissent in a so-called democracy.
From: "Linda Evans" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Fw: Globalising resistance to corporate power
Date: Sun, 12 Nov 2000
A brilliant analysis of the global elite and what they are trying to do, by Noam Chompsky...
so worth reading...
----- Original Message -----
From: Vanda Sanzogni-Holik <email@example.com>
Noam Chomsky speaks to Socialist Worker about:
Globalising resistance to corporate power
NOAM CHOMSKY is one of the most well known writers and anti-imperialist campaigners in the US today. He has written on many subjects, including the role of the media and NATO's war in Kosovo. He spoke to Socialist Worker about the growing mood against capitalism.
HOW SIGNIFICANT were the protests in Seattle against the World Trade Organisation and in Washington against the International Monetary Fund and World Bank?
VERY SIGNIFICANT. I don't recall anything like it. For a long time there have been vocal protests against what's misleadingly called globalisation, this particular mode of corporate-run international integration which has harmed a great many people-probably the majority of the population of the world.
This has led to local protests over specific issues. But in the last couple of years the protests have become integrated. You see many examples of it. The international efforts that undermined the Multilateral Agreement on Investment were extremely impressive. They were done very quickly with virtually no publicity.
Seattle was a major protest, and the major institutions had to back down. In Washington it was again the same story. The variety of constituencies involved in these protests is remarkable. They involve people who in the past did not have much to do with each other, like steel workers, gay activists and environmentalists. The protests also have an international character, bringing together people from movements like the landless workers' movement in Brazil, the peasant movement in India and working people in the US.
IN WASHINGTON the movement seemed to be deepening and becoming more politicised. People were making links in a way that we haven't seen for a long time.
YES. THE protesters know what they are talking about. People are asking more fundamental questions. People who call the protests reformist are missing the point. For one thing the reforms are good-if you can achieve them, they help people. But also when there is a limit placed on reforms it helps you come to understand the way the world works, and that's important. You begin by calling for a minor reform. You find you can make a little progress on that, but then you face an iron wall. That teaches you something. You ask questions about why there's an iron wall and you look a little deeper into the way the system works. Then there's more pressure and sometimes more reaction. Part of the point of the protests is that they educate the protesters. You learn about where the institutions will be willing to bend and where they will not. That sharpens the protesters for the next stage.
AMONG THE protesters there seems to be a sophisticated understanding of the way corporations are choking the life out of the world, and also a vision of essentially a socialist society.
IT IS true of some of them. And those people are to a large extent people who have learned that through the experience of trying to carry out corporate reform. You start by going to an investors' meeting and calling for socially positive investment. You find you can make a minuscule difference, but you can't go too far. You ask why you can't, and you get to what you're describing.
TEN YEARS ago we were told it was the "end of history", the end of wars and civil conflict. How does that fit with the reality of the world today?
THE SOVIET Empire collapsed, and other regions like Yugoslavia collapsed. When that kind of collapse happens you get violent ethnic conflict because imperial systems, like totalitarian states, tend to suppress internal conflict. When the British Empire collapsed there were atrocities much worse than anything going on today in Eastern Europe. In south Asia there was a huge war between India and Pakistan that is still going on 50 years later. In Palestine it is the same.
When the French Empire collapsed there were wars all over Africa. So too when the Portuguese empire collapsed in the mid-1970s. There were major wars in Africa where South Africa acted as the front guy for the US and Britain to try to undermine the newly independent countries. In south east Asia where Portugal had a small empire you had the same thing, except this time Indonesia played the role of South Africa. Atrocities in East Timor went on right through until last year. When the Russian Empire collapsed it was the same story. Many of the conflicts in Africa today, like in Rwanda, are a lingering result of the breakdown of the Belgian, German and French imperial systems.
WHERE DOES US foreign and military policy fit into the picture today?
IT'S THE same story. One interesting index is arms transfers.
The main countries that get arms are Israel and Egypt. Egypt gets them because it supports Israel. That has to do with US domination of the Middle East's oil resources. Turkey is also a leading recipient of US arms. Turkey is a NATO country and was on the frontline of the Cold War. But the level of arms transfers was fairly steady and not all that high until 1984. Then it went much higher and stayed high. The peak year was 1997. In that single year Turkey got more arms from the United States than in the entire period of 1950 to 1984.
This was because in order to crush the Kurds the Turkish state needed a huge flow of US arms. So US arms were pouring in for massive ethnic cleansing operations and massacres in southeastern Turkey. By 1998 they had suppressed the Kurdish movement, so the arms sales declined. Until then Turkey was the leading recipient of US arms apart from Israel and Egypt. In 1999 it was replaced by Colombia. Colombia had been the leading recipient of US arms in the western hemisphere through the 1990s. It also had one of the worst human rights records in the 1990s. Why? Because Colombia has a powerful guerilla movement which the state has not been able to crush.
HOW DOES NATO's bombing in the Balkans last year fit in?
WHEN NATO bombed Yugoslavia it was not because of human rights problems. They don't give a damn about human rights. NATO did it because Serbia didn't follow the rules. Milosevic is doubtless a war criminal and a gangster. But the US and Britain have no problem supporting war criminals and gangsters-they do it all the time. Take Saddam Hussein. Tony Blair and the United Nations tell you he is the only monster in history who has not only developed weapons of mass destruction but even used them against his own population. All that's missing is, "Yes, he used weapons of mass destruction against his own population, but with the SUPPORT of the US and Britain."
The real reason they are after Saddam Hussein is because he disobeyed orders. Now that's a crime. You can gas Kurds if you like-we don't care about that-but don't disobey orders! That's the way great powers work. The United States works that way. Britain, which is by now more or less the attack dog of the United States, works that way. Russia is doing the same in Chechnya.
HOW DO the big corporations fit into this picture?
STATES ARE to some extent independent actors. But overwhelmingly they reflect the concentration of power inside them. That concentration inside contemporary industrial countries is concentrated corporate power. This concentration of power is extremely high in the US but it is also international-although big corporations are rooted in, and heavily dependent on, their own home countries.
What's called globalisation, a development that has taken place in the last 25 years, is a real power play on the part of concentrated corporate power and the states that are linked to that. They are trying to develop a particular form of global integration which is in the interests of financial institutions. What happens to the population is incidental. In fact, what happens to economic growth is incidental. You get a lot of excited talk about how wonderful the economic record has been in the last 25 years. It's total nonsense. In the period from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s economic growth in the industrial countries was cut by about half.
Wages have either stagnated or declined in most of the industrial countries, and primarily in the US. Working hours are going way up. Benefits are down. Although growth has slowed there is highly concentrated profit. In the Third World the growth rate in the 1990s is about half what it was in the 1970s. That's one of the effects of one particular form of globalisation, traceable in substantial measure to the financial liberalisation. These changes in the last 25 years have had the effect of harming the international economy. It still grows, but not like before. And it concentrates wealth and power far more than before, and undermines democratic processes.
There are other ways of undermining democracy. Take the European Union. One of the crucial parts of the European Union is the transfer of power to unaccountable central banks. That's a tremendous attack on democracy. In fact, it's so extreme that even conservative sectors in the United States have been shocked by it.
WHAT ABOUT future prospects? Is something shifting in the US working class?
AVERAGE WAGES in the US have only now, maybe, reached the level of 20 years ago. To have a 20 year period when average wages are stagnant or declining when there is still economic growth is probably unprecedented. US workers have the highest workload in the industrial world. They passed Japan a couple of years ago. You have to have two members of the family working in the US just to keep food on the table.
You don't have daycare systems for children so you have to figure out what to do with the children. That's not so easy for a working family. This is a tremendous burden on families. One associated factor, which may well be a consequence, is that things like child abuse have gone up. By most social indicators the US has declined since the mid-1970s. People feel that in their own individual lives, but they are also beginning to feel it collectively.
It's not just industrial workers. It's all through the economy. Small farmers are getting smashed, as are small store owners. Except for a pretty small sector most people are suffering, and you get this coming together. That's one of the striking things about Seattle. As for the future, conflicts and struggles always go on. They are never predictable. These are things you do something about.
--- Vanda Sanzogni-Holik <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 24 Nov 2000
From: Antares <Antares@tm.net.my>
Subject: US War on Drugs Poison Environment [fwd]
Colombia: Monsanto, US War on Drugs Poison Environment
Brian Hansen Environment News Service
November 20, 2000 WASHINGTON, DC
The aerial fumigation program that has grown out of the U.S. government's so-called "war on drugs" is endangering the fragile ecosystems and indigenous cultures of Colombia's Amazon Basin...
The fumigation program, which the U.S. finances as part of a $1.3 billion Colombian aid package approved this summer, is designed to eradicate coca and other plants used to manufacture illicit drugs.
But critics say the program indiscriminately wipes out legitimate subsistence crops as well as natural plants, and kills birds, mammals and aquatic life.
The chemicals are applied by aircraft and frequently fall on Columbia's indigenous peoples, subjecting them to a variety of health afflictions, critics add.
"This spraying campaign is equivalent to the Agent Orange devastation of Vietnam - a disturbance the wildlife and natural ecosystems have never recovered from...is occurring on the watch of the current Congress and [executive] administration, supported by taxpayer dollars."
Though carried out by Colombian police and military authorities, the aerial fumigation program utilizes U.S. government aircraft, fuel, escort helicopters and private military contractors.
The herbicide approved for the program, glyphosate, is manufactured by the U.S. based Monsanto Corporation and is commonly referred to by the trade name Roundup.
Date: Thu, 28 Sep 2000
From: Norie Huddle <email@example.com>
This speaks for itself.
Scientist 'killed Amazon indians to test race theory'
Geneticist accused of letting thousands die in rainforest
Paul Brown, Environment correspondent
The Guardian, London
Saturday September 23, 2000
Thousands of South American indians were infected with measles, killing hundreds, in order to for US scientists to study the effects on primitive societies of natural selection, according to a book out next month.
The astonishing story of genetic research on humans, which took 10 years to uncover, is likely to shake the world of anthropology to its core, according to Professor Terry Turner of Cornell University, who has read the proofs.
"In its scale, ramifications, and sheer criminality and corruption it is unparalleled in the history of anthropology," Prof Turner says in a warning letter to Louise Lamphere, the president of the American Anthropology Association (AAA).
The book accuses James Neel, the geneticist who headed a long-term project to study the Yanomami people of Venezuela in the mid-60s, of using a virulent measles vaccine to spark off an epidemic which killed hundreds and probably thousands.
Once the epidemic was under way, according to the book, the research team "refused to provide any medical assistance to the sick and dying Yanomami, on explicit order from Neel. He insisted to his colleagues that they were only there to observe and record the epidemic, and that they must stick strictly to their roles as scientists, not provide medical help".
The book, Darkness in El Dorado by the investigative journalist Patrick Tierney, is due to be published on October 1. Prof Turner, whose letter was co-signed by fellow anthropologist Leslie Sponsel of the University of Hawaii, was trying to warn the AAA of the impending scandal so the profession could defend itself.
Although Neel died last February, many of his associates, some of them authors of classic anthropology texts, are still alive.
The accusations will be the main focus of the AAA's AGM in November, when the surviving scientists have been invited to defend their work. None have commented publicly, but they are asking colleagues to come to their defence.
One of the most controversial aspects of the research which allegedly culminated in the epidemic is that it was funded by the US atomic energy commission, which was anxious to discover what might happen to communities when large numbers were wiped out by nuclear war.
While there is no "smoking gun" in the form of texts or recorded speeches by Neel explaining his conduct, Prof Turner believes the only explanation is that he was trying to test controversial eugenic theories like the Nazi scientist Josef Mengele.
He quotes another anthropologist who read the manuscript as saying: "Mr. Tierney's analysis is a case study of the dangers in science of the uncontrolled ego, of lack of respect for life, and of greed and self-indulgence. It is a further extraordinary revelation of malicious and perverted work conducted under the aegis of the atomic energy commission."
Prof Turner says Neel and his group used a virulent vaccine called Edmonson B on the Yanomani, which was known to produce symptoms virtually indistinguishable from cases of measles.
In the memo Prof Turner says: "One of Tierney's more startling revelations is that the whole Yanomami project was an outgrowth and continuation of the atomic energy commission's secret programme of experiments on human subjects.
"Neel, the originator of the project, was part of the medical and genetic research team attached to the atomic energy commission since the days of the Manhattan Project."
James Neel was well-known for his research into the effects of radiation on human subjects and personally headed the team that investigated the effects of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs on survivors and their children.
According to Prof Turner, the same group also secretly carried out experiments on human subjects in the US. These included injecting people with radioactive plutonium without their knowledge or permission.
From: Mayr Hans <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Pentagon plans to rule the world!
Date: Wed, 18 Oct 2000
This might be of interest for you.
During the rise of sea commerce, nations built navies to protect and enhance their commercial interests. During the westward expansion of the continental United States, military outposts and the cavalry emerged to protect our wagon trains, settlements, and railroads.
The United States may evolve into the guardian of space commerce--similar to the historical example of navies protecting sea commerce.
... critical need to control the space medium to ensure US dominance on future battlefields
The military can no longer rely solely upon DoD (government) owned and operated capabilities.
The globalization of the world economy will also continue, with a widening between "haves" and "have-nots."
Check it out for yourself at http://www.spacecom.af.mil/usspace/
It is in full colour. Great if you have a colour printer.
United States Space Command
VISION FOR 2020 (PDF file, 0.97 meg) Feb 1997
"If fifty million people say a foolish thing,
it is still a foolish thing."
- Anatole France (1844-1924)
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