September 5, 2000
Subject: The Military Legacy & Some Perspectives on the Criminalization of U.S. Society: U.S. Bombing of Viegues + Germ War: The US Record + Ex-U.S. Army Doctor Says Uranium Shells Harmed Vets + US has more prisoners than farmers + Two Million Doing Time - That's the Crime! + Abolish The Death Penalty! + Latin America Prison Population Grows + War On Drugs / A Response To: Nail Them And Jail Them + More on Curitiba + 3 Websites recommended
The war culture that is alas still so much prevalent around the world, and especially in the United States, and its associated culture of institutionalized violence and repression are once again not part of the topics scrutinized the sanitized Western media which is content with merely publicizing for free the pr campaigns of the two presidential candidates of the much vaunted and yet completely illusory american democracy. Some previous compilations (see for instance the details of the total cost of the Cold War - $5.8 trillions paid by the U.S. taxpayers past, present and future, most of which went into the pockets of the elite-owned military-industrial complex - posted at the end of http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/FailSafeComment.htm) have covered examples of the terrible consequences of this war culture that most people around the world still accept as a fact of life. Despite the incredible trauma, deaths and sufferings that war and those who profit from it, and most notably the arms merchants, have inflicted upon hundreds of millions of people, the military brass and their "Supreme Commanders In Chief" can usually get away with the cruel and inhumane deeds they have ordered. While the Pinochets, Husseins, Suhartos and Duvaliers of this world enjoy the plush life of the rich and wealthy after plundering the country the ruthlessly ruled, billions of people try to survive in the most dire conditions and millions of others are languishing in prisons, often on petty charges of drug use instead of receiving the rehabilitation treatment and health assistance they need to heal from their self-destructive behaviour.
And that is just for a starter...
I think this compilation will give you much food for thought...
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
"We cannot solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them."
- Albert Einstein
A WHILE AGO I INCLUDED INFO ON THE BOMBING RANGE USED BY THE U.S. NAVY ON THE VIQUES ISLAND IN PUERTO RICO. THERE HAS BEEN CONTINUED PROTESTS BY THE POPULATION THERE TO STOP ALL BOMBING EXERCIZES. MAY I SUGGEST YOU VISIT THE WEBSITE RECOMMENDED BY CHERYL AND SEE WHAT YOU CAN DO IN SUPPORT OF THE 40 PEOPLE CURRENTLY FASTING THERE.
Date: Wed, 30 Aug 2000
From: Cheryl Magill <email@example.com>
Subject: U.S. Bombing of Viegues
This is a plea for attention on behalf of the Viegues Fast Group. And they
need some urgent support. This fast group is comprised of many types of
people including people who are appealing to their spiritual leaders. They
are appealling to the government leaders too, but only the judicial and
legislative branches seem willing to listen. The executive branch has a
governor who does not respond to the wishes of the people of Viegues.
I talked this evening with Andres Thomas Conteris. You can contact him a
couple of places. You can get the newsletter at Viegues Fast on egroups.com
and also their contact information is now on the web site which you will see
40 people have been fasting. Andres has been fasting on a water-only diet
since August 14th. since the bombing resumed. All he/they are asking for is
a chance for religious leadership of the Island of Viegues to talk to
President Clinton. But President Clinton refuses to talk. He refuses to meet
with these people.
He will not acknowledge the spiritual community of Viegues. These leaders
include very high level officials of the Catholic Church.
This plea is unaddressed.
And the hunger fast continues.
See http://www.viequesfast.org/which is a site under construction.
So far, Vice President Gore has demonstrated indifference towards this
topic. And there is no acknowledgement from Candidate Bush. If any of you
would be capable of promoting this topic towards election year matters,
please know that I was informed this evening that your efforts would be
welcomed. This group & Andres would invite contact from any of the above.
It seems that the opinion of what should occur on the island is already
secured among residents there. They want their island back. But the
"referendum" is a two year stall preventing that from occurring. Heck, it
takes less time to have a Civil War, doesn't it?
We believe that Navy Sonar from the littoral test site North of Viegues was
responsible for killing the whales in the Caribbean last October 3rd, 1999.
I was also informed tonight by Andres Thomas Conteris that a very large
radar facility exists on the island and this is another "vibrational
technology" which may be causing damage to the environment & people there.
Take this information and do what you can with it. I know it may seem
alittle beyond the topic, but the value of the Viegues Test Site is
continually referenced as being a fully integrated site which includes
several underwater facilities.
THE FOLLOWING FACTS GIVE A REMARKABLE INSIGHT INTO THE LACK OF RESPECT FOR HUMAN LIFE DEMONSTRATED BY THOSE WHO CONTROL THE U.S. MILITARY. -- AS YOU READ THIS, KEEP IN MIND THE ONGOING SPRAYING OF SO-CALLED CHEMTRAILS ONTO UNSUSPECTING HUMAN POPULATIONS AROUND THE WORLD... (SEE MY NUMEROUS PREVIOUS COMPILATIONS ON THE CHEMTRAIL/CONTRAIL TOPIC POSTED ON THE EARTH RAINBOW NETWORK WEBSITE AT http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000 -- SIMPLY USE THE SEARCH ENGINE NOW AVAILABLE ON THIS SITE TO FIND OUT ALL THE RELEVANT CHEMTRAIL MATERIALPOSTED THERE)
From: Mark Graffis <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Friday, April 23, 1999
Subject: [contrails] Germ War: The US Record
Source : http://www.counterpunch.org/
Germ War: The US Record
"As far as chemical and biological weapons are concerned, Saddam Hussein is a repeat offender. He has used them against his neighbors and on his own people." Madeleine Albright, US Secretary of State
By Madeleine Albright's criteria Saddam has a ways to go to catch up with the United States, which has deployed its CBW arsenal against the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Vietnam, China, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Cuba, Haitian boat people and Canada, plus exposure of hundreds of thousands of unwitting US citizens to an astonishing array of germ agents and toxic chemicals, killing dozens of people.
The US experimentation with bio-weapons goes back to the distribution of cholera-infect blankets to American Indian tribes in the 1860s. In1900, US Army doctors in the Philippines infected five prisoners with a variety of plague and 29 prisoners with Beriberi. At least four of the subjects died. In 1915, a doctor working with government grants exposed 12 prisoners in Mississippi to pellagra, an incapacitating disease that attacks the central nervous system.
After World War I, the United States went on a chemical weapons binge, producing millions of barrels of mustard gas and Lewisite. Thousands of US troops were exposed to these chemical agents in order to "test the efficacy of gas masks and protective clothing". The Veterans Administration refused to honor disability claims from victims of such experiments. The Army also deployed mustard gas against anti-US protesters in Puerto Rico and the Philippines in the 1920s and 1930s.
In 1931, Dr. Cornelius Rhoads, then under contract with the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations, initiated his horrific Puerto Rico Cancer Experiments, infecting dozens of unwitting subjects with cancer cells. At least thirteen of his victims died as a result. Rhoads went on to head of the US Army Biological Weapons division and to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission, where he oversaw radiation experiments on thousands of US citizens. In memos to the Department of Defense, Rhoads expressed his opinion that Puerto Rican dissidents could be "eradicated" with the judicious use of germ bombs.
In 1942, US Army and Navy doctors infected 400 prisoners in Chicago with malaria in experiments designed to get "a profile of the disease and develop a treatment for it." Most of the inmates were black and none was informed of the risks of the experiment. Nazi doctors on trial at Nuremberg cited the Chicago malaria experiments as part of their defense.
At the close of World War II, the US Army put on its payroll, Dr. Shiro Ishii, the head of the Imperial Army of Japan's bio-warfare unit. Dr. Ishii had deployed a wide range of biological and chemical agents against Chinese and Allied troops. He also operated a large research center in Manchuria, where he conducted bio-weapons experiments on Chinese, Russian and American prisoners of war. Ishii infected prisoners with tetanus; gave them typhoid-laced tomatoes; developed plague-infected fleas; infected women with syphilis; performed dissections on live prisoners; and exploded germ bombs over dozens of men tied to stakes. In a deal hatched by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Ishii turned over more than 10,000 pages of his "research findings" to the US Army, avoided prosecution for war crimes and was invited to lecture at Ft. Detrick, the US Army bio-weapons center in Frederick, Maryland.
In 1950 the US Navy sprayed large quantities of serratia marcescens, a bacteriological agent, over San Francisco, promoting an outbreak of pneumonia-like illnesses and causing the death of at least one man, Ed Nevins.
A year later, Chinese Premier Chou En-lai charged that the US military and the CIA had used bio-agents against North Korea and China. Chou produced statements from 25 US prisoners of war backing him his claims that the US had dropped anthrax contaminated feathers, mosquitoes and fleas carrying Yellow Fever and propaganda leaflets spiked with cholera over Manchuria and North Korea.
From 1950 through 1953, the US Army released chemical clouds over six US and Canadian cities. The tests were designed to test dispersal patterns of chemical weapons. Army records noted that the compounds used over Winnipeg, Canada, where there were numerous reports of respiratory illnesses, involved cadmium, a highly toxic chemical.
In 1951 the US Army secretly contaminated the Norfolk Naval Supply Center in Virginia with infectious bacteria. One type was chosen because blacks were believed to be more susceptible than whites. A similar experiment was undertaken later that year at Washington, DC's National Airport. The bacteria was later linked to food and blood poisoning and respiratory problems.
Savannah, Georgia and Avon Park, Florida were the targets of repeated Army bio-weapons experiments in 1956 and 1957. Army CBW researchers released millions of mosquitoes on the two towns in order to test the ability of insects to carry and deliver yellow fever and dengue fever. Hundreds of residents fell ill, suffering from fevers, respiratory distress, stillbirths, encephalitis and typhoid. Army researchers disguised themselves as public health workers in order photograph and test the victims. Several deaths were reported.
In 1965 the US Army and the Dow Chemical Company injected dioxin into 70 prisoners (most of them black) at the Holmesburg State Prison in Pennsylvania. The prisoners developed severe lesions which went untreated for seven months. A year later, the US Army set about the most ambitious chemical warfare operation in history.
From 1966 to 1972, the United States dumped more than 12 million gallons of Agent Orange (a dioxin-powered herbicide) over about 4.5 million acres of South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The government of Vietnam estimate the civilian casualties from Agent Orange at more than 500,000. The legacy continues with high levels of birth defects in areas that were saturated with the chemical. Tens of thousands of US soldiers were also the victims of Agent Orange.
In a still classified experiment, the US Army sprayed an unknown bacterial agent in the New York Subway system in 1966. It is not known if the test caused any illnesses.
A year later, the CIA placed a chemical substance in the drinking water supply of the Food and Drug Administration headquarters in Washington, DC. The test was designed to see if it was possible to poison drinking water with LSD or other incapacitating agents.
In 1969, Dr. D.M. McArtor, the deputy director for Research and Technology for the Department of Defense, asked Congress to appropriate $10 million for the development of a synthetic biological agent that would be resistant "to the immunological and therapeutic processes upon which we depend to maintain our relative freedom from infectious disease".
In 1971 the first documented cases of swine fever in the western hemisphere showed up in Cuba. A CIA agent later admitted that he had been instructed to deliver the virus to Cuban exiles in Panama, who carried the virus into Cuba in March of 1991. This astounding admission received scant attention in the US press.
In 1980, hundreds of Haitian men, who had been locked up in detention camps in Miami and Puerto Rico, developed gynecomasia after receiving "hormone" shots from US doctors. Gynecomasia is a condition causing males to develop full-sized female breasts.
In 1981, Fidel Castro blamed an outbreak of dengue fever in Cuba on the CIA. The fever killed 188 people, including 88 children. In 1988, a Cuban exile leader named Eduardo Arocena admitted "bringing some germs" into Cuba in 1980.
Four years later an epidemic of dengue fever struck Managua, Nicaragua. Nearly 50,000 people came down with the fever and dozens died. This was the first outbreak of the disease in Nicaragua. It occurred at the height of the CIA's war against the Sandinista government and followed a series of low-level "reconnaissance" flights over the capital city.
In 1996, the Cuba government again accused the US of engaging in "biological aggression". This time it involved an outbreak of thrips palmi, an insect that kills potato crops, palm trees and other vegetation. Thrips first showed up in Cuba on December 12, 1996, following low-level flights over the island by US government spray planes. The US has been unable to quash a United Nations investigation of the incident that is now underway.
At the close of the Gulf War, the US Army exploded an Iraqi chemical weapons depot at Kamashiya. In 1996, the Department of Defense finally admitted that more than 20,000 US troops were exposed to VX and sarin nerve agents as a result of the US operation at Kamashiya. This may be one cause of Gulf War Illness, another cause is certainly the experimental vaccines unwittingly given to more than 100,000 US troops. CP
NOTE FROM JEAN: Here is the latest development about this Gulf War Syndrome:
Sunday September 3
Ex-U.S. Army Doctor Says Uranium Shells Harmed Vets
PARIS (Reuters) - A former U.S. army doctor said on Sunday that many Gulf War veterans suffered from renal and other diseases as a result of inhaling particles of depleted uranium used in anti-tank shells.
``According to some estimates, 320 tons of depleted uranium were exploded during the (1991) Gulf War,'' doctor Asaf Durakovic told reporters after speaking before a conference of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine.
``Many of the patients (that I examined) suffered renal disease and failure, the clinical consequences of inhaled uranium,'' he said.
Durakovic said depleted uranium that coated shells to ease penetration of thick armor exploded into multiple particles, which ``became part of atmospheric dust'' after hitting targets.
``Because of the omnipresence of small sub-micron radioactive dust in the Persian Gulf, uranium that was liberated by impact (with tanks)...evaporated at temperatures higher than several thousand degrees centigrade,'' he said.
``Some of those particles were inhaled and stayed in the lungs...where they can cause cancer, and some entered into the bloodstream and affected kidneys and bones.''
Durakovic, who held the rank of colonel, is now with the department of Nuclear Medicine at Georgetown University Medical School in Washington.
He told reporters that he had come under ``political pressure'' from U.S. authorities to halt his research shortly after the Gulf War, when the U.S. military first challenged the notion that a mysterious ``Gulf War syndrome'' affected many veterans.
Authorities are now conducting their own studies.
``I don't claim uranium contamination is the (main) cause of the Gulf War syndrome but the veterans show high levels of depleted uranium in their bodies and studies about this must be intensified,'' he said.
The British Sunday Times newspaper said Durakovic would tell the conference that ``tens of thousands'' of British and American soldiers were dying from radiation from depleted uranium shells. But he gave no such figure.
Some published medical studies have linked the Gulf War syndrome, with symptoms ranging from flu to chronic fatigue and asthma, to the multiple vaccines given soldiers during the war to counter possible Iraqi chemical weapons attacks.
NOTE FROM JEAN: Another important fact not mentioned above was given in a BBC TV report Sunday regarding the horrible deformities and thousands of deaths, especially of young children, in Irak as a result of this radioactive contamination of their environment. Also the same depleted uranium shells and ammos were extensively used by the United States during the War in Kosovo, thus leaving another terrible legacy of radioactive contamination that will haunt for a long time to come all the innocent people that have been, still are and will be exposed to this lethal radioactivity.
PLEASE NOTE that the Global Meditation Focus Group will soon issue a Meditation Focus on the fate of prisoners around the world. The prison situation and death penalty issue in the USA as well as some possible remedial measures will be featured amongst other things. Here are some relevant information as an introduction to this subject:
Some Perspectives on the Criminalization of U.S. Society
From: "Herb Hoche" <email@example.com>
Subject: Fw: US has more prisoners than farmers
Date: Sun, 3 Sep 2000
31 August 2000
Prisoners and Plowshares
Who will feed the inmates?
The United States now has more prisoners than farmers.
According to the Washington, DC-based Justice Policy Institute the United States prison population recently topped 2 million.* The statistics are shocking, especially given that the US accounts for a quarter of the world's prisoners, but only 5% of the world's population.
According to the last farm census, there were 1.9 million farms in the US (a farm is defined as any place selling $1,000 or more of agricultural products). In other words, there are more people behind bars in the US than there are behind the wheel of a tractor.
While some would argue that the US criminal justice system and industrial agriculture have little in common, the statistics reflect social systems in profound crisis:
- Number of US farms 1,911,859
- 2.5% of US farms are operated by blacks and other races.
- Direct federal payments to farmers in 1999: $23 billion
- US prison population 2,000,000
- Roughly half of the state and federal prisoners incarcerated in the US are African Americans, although they make up only 13% of the US population.
- The cost of incarceration: approximately $40 billion per year.
*Jason Ziedenberg and Vincent Schiraldi, Justice Policy Institute, The Punishing Decade: Prison and Jail Estimates at the Millennium, December, 1999.
By Michael Novick and the Committee Incarceration And the Criminalization of Our Communities!
Two Million Doing Time - That's the Crime!
........The U.S., supposedly the "Land of the Free," locks up more people than any other country - 2 million in state and federal prisons and jails. One thousand more are imprisoned each week, and forced to labor behind prison walls. Crime has gone down for a decade, yet the police arrest more people and courts convict most without trial. The states have built and staffed 1000 new prisons since 1980. "Three Strikes" laws have put 50,000 behind bars for indiscriminately long sentences, many for non-violent offenses. Last year in NYC, cops made 35,000 more arrests than there were reported crimes! Racially biased drug laws mean youth of color are 15-20% of drug users, and 75-80% of those in prison. We are determined to expose this injustice, and build communities of resistance and struggle for a better future. Youth demand a better world!
Abolish The Death Penalty!
Over 3,600 prisoners sit on Death Row awaiting execution in the U.S. -overwhelmingly poor people, poorly represented at trial. Their numbers grow even as the states have executed an average of one person a week for the past six years. A recent study showed that 68% of death row prisoners have been unfairly convicted. Even as other countries have abolished capital punishment, Gore and Bush are united in favor of the death penalty. Bush carried out the legal lynching of Shaka Sankofa (Gary Graham) in Texas in the face of clear evidence of innocence and a wrongful conviction, and Gore says that the death penalty is racially biased statistically, but continues to uphold it. Both parties pushed through the "Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act," that stripped away federal appeals and the "habeas corpus" writ that had protected the rights of prisoners since the Middle Ages! We cannot allow the state to have the power of life and death over people. This death machine must be stopped!
Latin America Prison Population Grows
By Carlos Quintanilla
According to various reports the overcrowding of Latin American prisons grows worse, everyday. Infrastructural breakdown and prisoner abuse also continue to escalate.
The Latin American Institute for Preventive Medicine and Health Education (ILPES) made public its report during the Third Conference of Judicial Ministers and Prosecutors in Latin American in San Jose, Costa Rica, stating that 25 out of 26 countries in the Continent suffer overcrowded conditions, a problem which will get worse in the next few years.
ILPES also expressed concern that AIDS and drug addiction are impacting the prison crisis in the region. According to that organization, positive diagnoses of HIV are increasing at alarming rates. Also drug trafficking, abuse and addiction contribute to the growing violence, homicides, suicides, gang wars, prostitution and the general decay of the inmates lives.
Over one million inmates in Latin American are estimated to live in inhumane conditions; for example, statistics show over 40 thousand Argentine prisoners, 30 percent over the numbers those prisons were built to hold.
Data from the Regional Initiative Against AIDS in Latin America (Sidalac) discloses that in Argentina 6.78 percent of the prison population is HIV positive, with up to 14 percent for the 18 to 21 age group.
In 1999 over 200 inmates were murdered in gang wars in Colombian prisons. Colombia's 168 prisons are suppose to hold 28,000 inmates but currently over 44,000 are housed in them.
Honduras' 24 prisons hold 10,000 but were built to hold 4,500.
The United Nations Institute for Prevention of Crime and Treatment for Criminals (ILANUD) recently denounced the massive overcrowding in Latin American prisons, citing it as the main cause for the internal violence.
These urgent problems challenge Latin American governments to implement immediate interventions.
THE FOLLOWING IS ALSO RELEVANT TO THE U.S. PRISON ISSUE
Date: Tue, 29 Aug 2000
Subject: War On Drugs / FW: A Response To: Nail ThemAnd Jail Them..An Editorial***
From: Ricardo Ocampo <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 28 Aug 2000
Subject: Fwd: A Response To: Nail Them And Jail Them..An Editorial
Letter To The Editor
IN RESPONSE TO "Nail Them And Jail Them'
Sunday SF CHRONICLE August 20
Greetings! I found your recent editorial profoundly insensitive and
disturbing..."among these 2 million people, surely there is a handful of
inmates who have proved that they deserve a second chance "...Whoa!..
Half of these "political prisoners" are non-violent drug "abusers/addicts
placed in prison by draconian state policies which reflect our profoundly
misguided "War On Drugs". For decades, the U.S. government has waged a
relentless "war" on the use of marijuana, opiates, and other sub-stances.
Yet, illicit drugs are today more plentiful than ever! Global in scope and
costing untold billions of dollars, this war has produced mandatory bank
deposit disclosures, government surveillance, civil asset forfeiture,
over-crowded prisons, encryption software restrictions, rampant police and
political corruption, and the wholesale trampling of constitutional
liberties by the DEA, CIA, IRS, INS, and other agencies...
To LEARN MORE
THE WAR ON DRUGS
The extraordinary human suffering these absurd and dangerous policies are
creating is incalcuable..If we are really interested in justice and the
protection of people in our society why are we not placing the heads of the
tobacco industry in for life and/or capital punishment for the
death/disability of millions of people here and abroad..or for that matter
the heads of the Pharmacuetical companies for creating drugs and vaccines
which have been acknowledged by the AMA for the premature deaths of at least
250,000 people/year in this country alone..
See POLITICS OF HEALTH
... or for that matter the heads of the petro-chemical industry for the creation of MTBE ,(a known
carcinogen), gasoline, herbicides/pesticides all of which are known to be exceedingly detrimental to human health...not to mention the primary cause of Global Warming which is potentially catastrophic inregards to all evolving life here on Planet Earth...Hmmmm...If there ever is a case of major schizophrenia/denial the current War On Drugs and its attendent inhumane policies .. THIS IS IT...You may want to watch Trading Places with Eddie Murphy...
Also there is hardly any mention of the fact that 100's of Billions of illegal drug moneies are being laundered into International Banks... In light of this comprehensive corruption I think we should throw everyone in jail..This will be great for the booming prison industry ..In truth, we may need to build more prisons to house the new class of corporate ,white collar criminals once "The Truth Be Known"...What is needed know is a TRUTH COMMISSION in light of the fact that millions of people of people such as myself are fully aware of the profound injustices and perpertrations which are being enacted now against the young marginalized and disenfranchised people in our current society...Indeed, It is Time For Some Major House Cleaning and a deep re-evaluation of our current modus operandi...It is no wonder that the "Powers That Be ", will attempt to prevent such honorable and genuinely patriotic Americans such as Ralph Nader a place at the table to debate and enlighten a confused America to some uncomfortable truths regarding the comprehensive corruption and progressive loss of democracy in this land called America...Ultimately, we shall all know the truth as we are all becoming progressively aware of the serious psycho/spiritual/economic/ecological dislocations which are systemically occuring here in America and abroad...
The Good News is that with a genuine spiritual renewal, (compassion, wisdom and forgiveness) and a commitment to acknowledging what is so we can as a great nation rectify outdated thinking and policies that are being conclusively shown to be,(to put it mildly), counter-productive ...
THE SOLUTIONS ARE SIMPLE
1. Decriminalize, Legalize and Tax Cocaine, and thus end the War On Drugs
2. Turn the Prisons into Rehabilitation Centers which promote respect, compassion, and forgiveness towards those who have transgressed arcane autocratic drug laws...
3. Create genuine and meaningful job opportunities for the young juveniles who are currently being incarcerated!
To Learn More:
LIGHT PARTY - www.lightparty.com
A SACRED COMMITTMENT
In Service To Humanity,
Da Vid M.D.
Founder The Light Party,
Director The San Francisco Medical Research Foundation
Date: Sun, 3 Sep 2000
From: Hayduke Rocks! <email@example.com>
Subject: New listserver: Colombia Peace Vigil
You are invited to subscribe:
Because of the apparently pre-war escalation by the
U.S. Govt. of militarism in Colombia, and because of its relationship
to the War on Drugs, and the corporate power of the oil industry to
displace U'wa and others in Colombia, and the relationship of perhaps
the next U.S. president, Al Gore, to these companies, this list was
created. It hopes to bring together all the stories (economic
activity, the War on Drugs, attacks on the U'wa and other native
peoples, Al Gore and the military buildup, and ecological and social
activist efforts) to create a virtual movie and enduring archive of
activities, and to allow concerned people to see the bigger picture
as it plays out in Colombia.
Visit http://www.egroups.com/group/colombiavigil to view the archives and/or subscribe
From: "John Owen" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Re: Green Files #11 Curitiba: A City Managed By CommonSense
Date: Sun, 27 Aug 2000
Another excellent compilation
Wanted to share one story, from when I first heard of Curitiba. Rather than
building housing for the poor, Curitiba gives the poor the cement, lumber
and nails they needed to build their own houses, and assigns them a parcel
of land to build on. The materials, costing about $500 total per house, can
be repaid over ten years on a no interest loan. I seem to remember that
deeds to the underlying land are given to the householders after a few years
occupancy. Mayor Lerner said this was a much better way than building
public housing. It's less expensive for the government. The city provides
unpaved streets, water, electricity and sewage disposal. Not up to the
standards of the United States, but something is better than than the
nothing usually found in squatter settlements. Pride of ownership and
increased self reliance experienced by those building their own houses with
the help of their neighbors, leads to a much stronger and healthier
community, compared to the horrors we usually find in squatter settlements,
and even in the public housing in the United States.
THANKS LETI FOR RECOMMENDING THOSE 3 WEBSITES ;-)
From: "Leti Guerra" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 31 Aug 2000
I thought this would be a good thing to spread around. This site does not get nearly as many clicks as it should. It is free and it helps out our world in a positive way, So why not do it?
The roads and paths, forests and pastures of an estimated 70 countries
around the world have been made treacherous by landmines. Landmines affect
some of the most impoverished people in the world. Each year, 26,000 people
are killed or mutilated by landmines of which 8,000 are children.
Your simple click, just once daily will help support the foundation's
mission of eradicating landmines forever
Visit www.clearlandmines.com daily!
Here is another site to visit
War and violence displace one out of every 280 people on earth. The goal of
this website is to promote peace through the US Association for the UN High
Commissioner for Refugees.
Please visit www.peaceforall.com once daily and click on the banner.
From: "Leti Guerra" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Crisis in Sudan
Date: Fri, 01 Sep 2000
This is related to the last meditation focus which dealt with the
situation in Sudan. I first learned about the crisis and slavery of Sudan
from this website www.anti-slavery.org/
There is also a petition at this site to release slaves.
Thanks for all you do.
May peace prevail on earth.
BACK TO THE FIRST HOME PAGE OF THIS SITE