April 11, 2001
LFAS Alert - Last Call for Action: 1. Who Killed the Whales: US Navy exposed on 60 Minutes on CBS last week & "Researchers Fear Navy's Sonar May Harm Whales" in the New York Times yesterday (see entire article below) + 2. NRDC Blasts Proposal Allowing Deployment of Controversial Navy Sonar Program + 3. Federal Register notice of proposed rule making concerning SURTASS LFA + 4. Network to Stop LFAS Worldwide + 5. Signs Found Round The world...
This compilation is mainly dedicated to the current campaign to prevent the US Navy from getting a permit to deploy their LFAS highly destructive sonar technology around the world. There is only a couple weeks left for you to mail your comment in protest of this infamy.
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
P.S. The following is taken from an analysis of the U.S. Navy's Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) which concludes that Low Frequency Active Sonar (LFAS) is safe. This analysis is entitled "Why the Navy's Conclusions about the Safety of LFAS are Scientifically Flawed" and states (only brief excerpts below) that;
- The Navy's Scientific Research program never tested the full source level of LFAS on marine mammals. CLIP The Navy has not followed the advice of their own hired scientists and has inappropriately extrapolated to conclude that LFAS is safe to deploy at levels of at least 5,000 times more acoustic intensity and 70 times more pressure than test levels.
- Even at the lower LFAS test levels a number of negative effects were documented...
- Published accounts of whale strandings correlated with Naval maneuvers (Nature 1991 and 1998)
suggest that beaked whales are especially vulnerable to high intensity sonar.
This analysis also mentions an existing alternative to the LFAS technology: "the Navy has developed passive sonar systems, the Advanced Deployable System (ADS), that can detect silent submarines and not harm marine life."
And in the references, we also find:
8. Loud underwater sounds also, of course, affect fish and other marine life. Studies show harmful effects of even moderate noise on hearing in fish and the viability of fish eggs exposed to noisy environments was significantly reduced.
See also: Researchers Fear Navy's Sonar May Harm Whales at:
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/10/science/10WHAL.html (April 10, 2001)
Last spring Kenneth Balcomb, a marine mammalogist, woke to find an
unsettling situation outside his Abaco Island home in the Bahamas: a
16-foot Cuvier's beaked whale weighing some two tons stranded in
With the help of several volunteers, Mr. Balcomb, who heads the Center
for Whale Research in Friday Harbor, Wash., tried to push the animal out
to sea. After the fifth attempt, the disoriented whale stopped turning
toward shore and continued into the open ocean. But that was only the
Over 15 hours beginning March 15, about 16 whales and a dolphin became
stranded on the beach and in shallow waters around the northern Bahama
islands. Most were pushed back into the sea by Mr. Balcomb and
volunteers, who had gone to the Bahamas to observe the whales as part of
a program for the Boston- based Earthwatch Institute, a nonprofit
organization that supports scientific field work. Still, the dolphin and
six whales died. It was one of the largest strandings of beaked whales on
Five days later the United States Marine Fisheries Service, at the
request of the Bahamian government, sent biologists to perform
necropsies. They found hemorrhaging around the brain and ear bones. On
the one-year anniversary of the strandings in March, a task force from
the agency and the United States Navy said that it was highly likely that
the stranding was caused by sonar transmissions from Navy ships that were
performing antisubmarine exercises nearby.
Now some biologists and environmental groups fear that such mass
strandings will become more common if the Navy wins approval for a sonar
program it wants for detecting submarines. Called the Surveillance Towed
Array Sensor System, or Surtass, it would consist of four sonar- equipped
ships able to sweep 80 percent of the world's oceans.
The Navy, which must have a permit from the marine fisheries service
before it can proceed, discounts claims that what happened in the Bahamas
could result from Surtass, because the sonar used during last year's
strandings operated on a middle frequency and its Surtass program would
use a low frequency. Both systems, however, transmit sound waves that
bounce off objects and send information back to the listener. In the
proposed system, transmissions could be as loud as 230 decibels, roughly
the noise of a rocket taking off. The Navy proposes using observers and
monitoring instruments to make sure no marine mammals are within a
kilometer. Beyond that, the sound would have dissipated to at most 180
decibels, a level at which some scientists believe physiological damage
The sound would join a chorus of others that contribute to rampant noise
pollution in the oceans. Contributors are the babble of engines from
industrial vessels, air guns used in oil and gas exploration and sonar
impulses used for a variety of purposes. Whales are more susceptible to
interference from sound than are many other mammals because of their
heavy reliance on it for primary activities like feeding, communication,
navigation and nursing.
"Ocean noise pollution is akin to humans living in a world of increasing
smog," said Dr. Lindy Weilgart, a bioacoustician who studies whales and
sound at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. "The windows of
opportunity in which whales can communicate with a specific group member
or find prey are increasingly limited because of noise pollution," Dr.
Weilgart said. "And most whales are endangered and having a hard time
The Navy's Surtass plan is opposed by advocacy groups like the Natural
Resources Defense Council, which pressed the Navy to show how its project
would affect the environment. Because of a dearth of data, the Navy began
research on low- frequency sonar's effect on large whales, which
communicate at that level. The marine fisheries service is using the data
in reviewing the Navy's permit request and will accept public comments
until May 18.
Dr. Christopher W. Clark, director of bioacoustics research at Cornell
and one of the main investigators for the Navy's Surtass research, said
that one phase of that program tried to find out the effects of exposure
to sonar levels higher than 120 decibels, a level that certain whales
have been observed to avoid.
About 200 miles off San Diego, where blue whales and fin whales feed, the
Navy tested its sonar in the summer and early fall of 1997 and found that
whales showed no reaction at 150 decibels. "That was encouraging and even
surprising," Dr. Clark said. "We had all predicted that by 140 for sure
you'd see a reaction." Because of bad weather, no higher levels were
But Mr. Balcomb noted that the Navy was proposing using even higher
levels around the whales, and he said the Navy had not studied enough
species. "They used only low-frequency communicators because that's what
they thought would be affected," he said. "My point on resonance is that
its effects have nothing to do with hearing."
Dr. Weilgart said that the Navy should instead be looking at data on
strandings that correlate with nearby military operations using sonar.
The Navy and regulators from the marine fisheries service who are
reviewing the permit proposal say the two sonar systems, low- and mid-
level frequency, are so different that it is entirely unfair to link the
The midlevel, non-Surtass sonar implicated in the Bahamas strandings can
be heard over short distances by many marine mammals, particularly
smaller ones. The low- frequency sonar proposed in Surtass, on the other
hand, is audible over hundreds of miles to far fewer animals and is
emitted at the same frequency used by large whales like the famous
But Mr. Balcomb, in whose back yard this all began, holds fast to his
claim that what caused the hemorrhaging in the Bahamas whales was not
sound's effect on the whales' hearing but on resonance effects in their
air cavities. In a recent letter to the Navy, Mr. Balcomb used
calculations by the Navy's own physicists to show that both low and
middle frequencies can create resonance effects in whales' air cavities.
He surmised that low-frequency sonar could cause the same injuries
probably caused by the midlevel sonar during the Bahamas strandings.
Mr. Balcomb also said that the visible damage of last spring was only
part of the picture. None of the 50 Cuvier's beaked whales that
frequented the Bahamas year round have been seen since the strandings. He
presumes that all had died.
copywrite: New York Times
Date: Wed, 4 Apr 2001
From: Cheryl Magill <email@example.com>
Subject: RE: US Navy exposed on 60 minutes on CBS
Since you raised the point, the reference to LFA was very much masked in the report. There was video footage re: the Cuvier's Beaked Whale Strandings in the Ionean Sea in 1996 - but no specific reference as to the type of transmission being used. It was simply called "another" sonar. It is important that people learn to distinguish between these technologies or their contributions will be dismissed as the remarks generated by the "ill-informed persons of lesser aptitude." It's sad but true that heart-felt communications are summarily tossed aside as being the bi-product of mismanaged information. Perhaps you could help to streamline a few accurate paragraphs so as to help others in side-stepping that pitfall.
Anyway, it was wonderful to watch 60 minutes interviewing people. Getting the Pentagon to admit responsibility is no small accomplishment. What the interview got was something quite nearly tantamount to that.
From: "Mark Graffis" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: NRDC Blasts Proposal Allowing Deployment of Controversial Navy Sonar Program
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2001
From Natural Resources Defense Council
Tuesday, March 20, 2001
WASHINGTON -- A rule proposed by the National Marine Fisheries Service that would allow the U.S. Navy to deploy a powerful new global sonar system drew protest from NRDC (the Natural Resources Defense Council) today. The environmental group says the sound generated by the system is so intense that it could harm marine life that depends on hearing for survival. The group called for further study before deployment.
"Whales and other marine species rely on hearing at least as much as people rely on sight," said Joel Reynolds, director of NRDC's Marine Mammal Protection Project. "We are very concerned that the rule the fisheries service has proposed may not protect this essential piece of the ocean environment."
The system, known as LFA for the "low frequency active" sonar it employs, functions much like a floodlight, scanning the ocean at enormous distances for enemy submarines. It is so powerful that a single source can illuminate hundreds of thousands of square miles of ocean at one time. At close range, the noise it produces is millions of times more intense than the Navy considers safe for human divers and billions of times more intense than the level known to disturb large whales. Before NRDC uncovered the program in 1995, the Navy had been testing LFA without the fisheries service's approval.
The fisheries service decided to proceed despite unanswered questions about a mass stranding of whales in the Bahamas last March. A fisheries service-Navy investigation already has established that the strandings were caused by a Navy battle group's active sonar system. That system used mid-frequency sound, which generally does not travel as far as LFA. Last month a marine scientist stated in a letter to the Navy that a number of species stranded in the Bahamas had virtually disappeared from the area.
"The Bahamas strandings confirm just how serious the risks of active sonar can be," said Michael Jasny, an NRDC consultant. "It's astonishing that the fisheries service would propose a rule for a system of such extraordinary reach before its own investigation is completed."
The release of fisheries service's proposed rule opens a 45-day period for public comment that closes May 3. The agency then will decide whether to finalize it. The Navy received more than a thousand comments from concerned parties on its own environmental analysis of LFA, and environmentalists believe that the response to the fisheries service's proposal will be at least as strong.
"The National Marine Fisheries Service has a fundamental responsibility under federal law to ensure the health and safety of marine mammals," Reynolds said. "We will be examining its decision very closely."
The Natural Resources Defense Council is a national, nonprofit organization of scientists, lawyers and environmental specialists dedicated to protecting public health and the environment. Founded in 1970, NRDC has more than 400,000 members nationwide, served from offices in New York, Washington, Los Angeles and San Francisco.
For more information, contact Joel Reynolds at (323) 934-6900 or Michael Jasny at (323) 934-2138 Natural Resources Defense Council (323) 934-6900
Web site: http://www.nrdc.org
WHAT YOU'LL FIND AT http://manyrooms.net/lfaproposedrule.htm IS A 39 PAGES DOCUMENT DETAILING THE PROCESS WHEREBY THE U.S. NAVY WILL BE AUTHORIZED - IF THOSE OPPOSING THEIR SCHEME DO NOT SUCCEED IN STOPPING THEM - TO HARASS AND "TAKE" (MEANING "KILL") A CERTAIN "NEGLIGIBLE" NUMBER OF WHALES AND DOLPHINS ANYWHERE IN THE ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC OCEANS ALONG THE US COAST FOR A DURATION OF 5 YEARS WHILE THEY WILL DEPLOY AND USE THEIR SONAR SYSTEM - IF AN ARMED CONFLICT BREAKS OUT, NO CONTROL WILL APPLY UNDER THIS PERMIT AND ALL ACOUSTIC HELL WILL BREAK LOOSE IN THE OCEANS. PEOPLE HAVE UP TO MAY 3, 2001 TO MAIL (NO EMAIL IS ACCEPTED) THEIR COMMENTS TO THE NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - address given at the URL above). YOU'LL ALSO FIND A "Summary of Request" BY THE U.S. NAVY AND A "Description of the Activity" AND THE REST OF IT IS A LONG LIST OF OPPONENTS' COMMENTS AND THE INVARIABLY DISMISSIVE REBUTTAL BY THE NOAA OF WHATEVER ARGUMENT IS MADE TO PREVENT THIS FOLLY FROM HAPPENING - SEE WHAT CHERYL HAS TO SAY ABOUT ALL THIS BELOW.
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2001
From: Cheryl Magill <email@example.com>
Subject: Federal Register notice of proposed rule making concerning SURTASS LFA
I have a web page for the Federal Register notice of proposed rule making concerning SURTASS LFA Sonar at this URL: http://manyrooms.net/lfaproposedrule.htm
And, yes, this is the posting which I said was expected any day. With completion of the Final EIS and this notification, SURTASS LFA Sonar finally has several key elements in place which will be needed to attain approval to deploy. If this were a chess game, which it somewhat is in an unfortunate sort of way, then I supose that a strategic "next move" on our part would be a good thing to have in mind right about now. You'll forgive me for being somewhat obscure as to what that might be. We just received the notice on the day before Earth Day and at this point people are still reading and interpretting this long document.
There are, of course, some interim measures we could ask people to take, and one would be to submit comments in the manner described in the Federal Register Notice. Another is to tell a friend about the LFAS issue and the significance it has to them personally. Bookmark the URL and send copies to others. In fact, I am encouraging people to address small groups by inviting friends to some tear or coffee or over to their homes to discuss these proposed extreme measures of blasting away at all the marine life in 80% of the world's oceans. The greatest challenge is making more people aware and in getting them prepared to respond.
In my mind, the proposal to use SURTASS LFAS is an unconscionable act and those who now pursue this goal are absolute extremists. Never in the history of the world has such harmful acoustic power been introduced excepting possibly one incident in a location formerly known as Jericho. We who oppose such radical assaults on marine life and urge precaution are the conservatives on this issue. While I don't often coach polarities, we must remain charged on this point. We who oppose LFAS are asking everyone to be conservative towards the marine environment. We want to conserve the acoustic functionability of the oceans. We want to conserve all opportunities for peace.
Jean, I hope you will continue to inform your readers about LFAS and about this acoustic anarchy. I look forward to bringing to your readers more specific suggestions in the near future.
Thank you, as always.
Cheryl A. Magill
Michael Jasny <firstname.lastname@example.org> - Associate Natural Resources Defense Council - wrote:
National Marine Fisheries Service is at it again. They first don't mind torturing a few whales for the Makah, now they want to deafen or kill them for the Navy. LFAS have caused the death of many whales and dolphins. After one sonar test dolphins and whales beached themselves and all had blood coming from their ears. Those that didn't die outright would starve to death because they can't locate prey or navigate in the water. Can you imagine what a horrible and painful death that would be?"
AND HERE IS MORE ON THIS CRUCIALLY IMPORTANT ISSUE. THIS IS LONG BUT HAS A HIGH EDUCATIONAL AND MOTIVATIONAL VALUE!
From: "Lucia Gillot" <email@example.com>
Subject: Fw: Network to Stop LFAS Worldwide
Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2001
I know you are active in halting this, please send to all your networks.
Thank you and much love,
--- Original Message ---
Sent: Friday, March 23, 2001
Subject: [WILD_SEAS] Network to Stop LFAS Worldwide
Please distribute as wide as possible ! Be informed about the Stop LFAS Worldwide Network and become proactive yourself !
The Stop LFAS Worldwide Network is an unincorporated association of individuals and affiliated organizations who have dedicated their time and energies to preventing deployment of Low Frequency Active Sonar (LFAS) by any nation, including the United States.
Network associates live in many different nations, with most associates living in the United States. The Stop LFAS Worldwide E-mail list was started during Phase III testing of LFAS off the coast of Hawaii in 1998.
The purpose of the Stop LFAS Worldwide Network is to create public awareness internationally of the threat to the marine environment posed by LFAS and to organize citizens internationally to save our oceans and our planet from that threat, which also damages people, who are diving.
The Network takes the position that LFAS is especially harmful to the deep diving marine mammals in the SOFAR layer and that acoustic pollution wastes natural and monetary resources.
The Network opposes an escalation of active acoustic devices and acoustic weapons technology in our oceans as being harmful to marine life and to human coastal communities.
The Network provides regular updates on developments related to LFAS, including research findings, strandings, cover ups, and military disinformation. These updates are sent to associates, non-associatedsubscribers to the Network newsletter, governments of the world, the UN and the media.
The Network maintains web site locations accessible to the general public containing information related to LFAS, such as http://manyrooms.com and http://angelfire.com/ca/fishattorney/lfaslinks.html
These sites provide links to hundreds of other related sites and links to archived radio interviews, such as those found at http://angelfire.com/ca/fishattorney/lfaslinks.html.
The Network coordinates with cetacean protection groups and environmental organizations as an information resource. The coordinators and/or associates have participated in eight separate international radio broadcasts discussing LFAS, all of which were simultaneously transmitted across the Internet and reached an international audience.
Associates include scientists, authors, journalists, musicians and wildlife photographers. There are health therapists who use natural settings in their healing strategies and naturalists who draw spiritual benefit from undisturbed natural surroundings.
Associates also include groups which focus on animal rights, & aquarium management as well as spiritual groups that have integrated prayers for quiet oceans into their meditations.
Associates participated in Navy workshops discussing LFAS, conducted and participated in the litigation filed to challenge the US Navy's Phase III testing program off the Island of Hawai`i, appeared at public hearings conducted by the Navy as part of the EIS process, and filed comments on the draft EIS issued for deployment of SURTASS LFA.
Associates participated with marine mammal experts from other organizations in a California Coastal Commission workshop on LFAS.
And here is a description of LFA Sonar in several languages (NOTE INCLUDED IN THIS ERN COMPILATION).
Low Frequency Active Sonar Defined
Here is a definition of Low Frequency Active Sonar. This definition is presented in various languages so that people around the world can begin to understand more about this invasive technology which threatens the acoustic habitat of our oceans.
LFAS is defined in the following languages:
English German French Spanish Portugese
Low frequency active sonar is a device using multiple, high intensity sound sources to broadcast a low frequency signal into the ocean. That signal bounces off objects in the water and returns to a listening device. The listening device analyzes the signal to determine the nature of the object and the location of the object. Many nations and NATO are developing such devices to locate submarines.
High intensity, low frequency sound can cause harm to marine life. Cetaceans are particularly vulnerable because they rely upon sound for many of their daily activities. High intensity, low frequency sound can make a whale deaf; can cause a whale's lung tissue to shear; can disrupt mating, feeding, and singing behaviors; and may cause long term harm to the recovery of endangered and threatened species.
The use of low frequency active sonar devices is becoming wide spread at the same time the evidence of serious harm to marine life is emerging. In 1996, Curvier's Beaked Whales stranded along the Grecian coast at the same time a NATO fleet broadcast using low frequency active sonar. Dr. Alexandros Frantzis analyzed the strandings and concluded that the probability that sonar caused the strandings was 99.9%. A later NATO study concluded that the strandings could not have been caused by a natural source.
In March 2000, the U.S. Navy conducted a test of active sonar off the Bahamas at the same time as a naval fleet passed by broadcasting sonar from six different ships. Seventeen cetaceans stranded and nine died. Blood in the eyes, blood in the brains, and damage to lung tissue appeared in the necropsies of the cetaceans. The cause of this disaster is still under investigation.
These are only some of the examples strongly suggesting that high intensity sonars are a threat to marine life. The time has come to support a moratorium on any further use of high intensity, low frequency sonar. The military can use sophisticated passive technology to find submarines and avoid threatening the long term health of marine life and the marine environment.
CLIP - IF YOU NEED TO GET THE FRECH, GERMAN, SPANISH OR PORTUGUESE VERSIONS OF THIS ABOVE, SIMPLY ASK IT FROM ME. THE FOLLOWING WAS ALSO INCLUDED:
Here's a handy reference guide courtesy of Ocean Futures :
Questions and answers: LFA and Marine Mammals
Overview What is LFA? How powerful is the sound level generated by LFA? What are some of the other forms of sonar technology used by the Navy? What are the decibel levels produced by natural noise sources and by whales? Are there examples of artificially generated acoustic levels from military tests affecting marine mammals? What is the decibel level known to affect humans? What is the decibel level and range the Navy uses in LFA tests? What were the environmental conditions, decibel level and range during exercises performed by the Navy on March 15, 2000?
Overview According to the U.S. Navy final environmental impact statement (January 2001), LFA sonar technology is employed in the ocean including "areas necessary to prevent 180 dB sound pressure level (SPL) or greater within 22 kilometers (or 12 nautical miles) of land, in offshore biologically important areas during biologically important seasons and in areas necessary to prevent greater than 145 dB at known recreational and commercial dive sites." The sonar operational areas are inhabited by marine animals, including birds, fish, sea turtles and marine mammals." This complex technology incorporates a variety of underwater testing parameters such as depth, contour of the ocean bottom, water temperature sonar pulses or "pings", the number of pings and time duration, single sonar arrays, multiple arrays and towed versus stationary sonar devices.
What is LFA? LFA, or low frequency active sonar, involves transmitting high-volume low frequency sound pulses over a long range underwater. According to the Navy, it would function much like a floodlight, using sound waves to scan the ocean for quiet enemy submarines at enormous geographic distance
The Natural Resources Defense Council reports that LFA is a sound system so powerful that a single sound source transmitter generates sound at levels of 215 decibels. An entire array can produce sound at 230 dB, flooding hundreds of square miles of ocean with noise. When comparing these figures with other data, far lower levels of military sonar causes biological disturbances in whales - as low as just 120 dB.
How powerful is the sound level generated by LFA? LFA is measured in decibels. The decibel scale expresses sound in increasing orders of magnitude, making 170 dB ten times the sound intensity of 160 dB (thus 180 dB is 100 times the intensity of 160dB.) In this way, it can use very small numbers to compare sounds of radically different intensities, from a quiet breeze to a nuclear explosion.
What are some of the other forms of sonar technology used by the Navy?
-- Tactical sonar - 235 decibels, at mid-range frequencies of 3,500 to 7,500 hertz.
-- Low-frequency active sonar (LFAs) - 215 - 230 decibels
-- Acoustic thermometry of ocean climate (ATOC) - noise to approx 195 decibels
-- Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System (SURTASS) - 235 decibels (4)
What are the decibel levels produced by natural noise sources and by whales?
Noise Source Noise Source Levels Lightening Strike on Water Surface 260 dB (max) Seafloor Volcanic Eruption 255+ dB (max) Fin Whale 160-186 dB Humpback Whale 175-190 dB Bowhead Whale 158-189 dB Blue Whale 188 dB (max) Southern Right Whale 172-187 dB Gray Whale 185 dB (max) measured at range zero.
Source: SURTASS LFA Environmental Impact Statement
Are there examples of artificially generated acoustic levels from military tests affecting marine mammals? (2): Bowhead whales show avoidance at 120 dB as do gray whales in the migratory path of sound at this level Humpback whales exhibit cessation in "singing" above 155 dB Sperm and pilot whales stop singing when exposed to 220 dB
What is the decibel level known to affect humans? According to the Navy's own study, scientists briefly exposed a 32-year-old Navy diver to LFA sonar at a level of 160 decibels -- a fraction of the intensity at which the LFA system is designed to operate. After 12 minutes, the diver experienced severe symptoms, including dizziness and drowsiness. After being hospitalized, he relapsed, suffering memory dysfunction and seizure. Two years later he was being treated with anti-depressant and anti-seizure medications.
What is the decibel level and range the Navy uses in LFA tests? At the test source, 215dB are produced from a single array (up to 235 for multiple arrays) (2.1.1 and response to Comment 2-1.1 (Page 10-47) of the Navy FEIS). The sound field designed as the LFA mitigation zone is greater than or equal to 180dB within 22 km (12nm) of any coastline and in the offshore biologically important areas that exist outside the 22km zone during the biologically important season for that area. (188.8.131.52 Navy FEIS.)
What were the environmental conditions, decibel level and range during exercises performed by the Navy on March 15, 2000?
According to data posted on MARMAM, the US Navy, in a detailed acoustic analysis, has found certain environmental conditions existed when Navy ships transiting through the Bahamas last March used active sonar systems at the same time over a dozen whales beached themselves on islands nearby. The use of Navy sonar systems under these environmental conditions may have affected whales in the area, the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service says in a Nov. 15 press release.
The findings could have implications for the Navy's use of active sonar, which it frequently employs in training operations worldwide.
The US Navy and the US fisheries service released information from a detailed US Navy analysis of a computer model that confirmed the presence of a "surface duct" in the New Providence Channel at the time the whales stranded. Surface ducts affect how sound travels. The analysis examined the acoustic field that was created by several ships' sonar systems last March and included a thorough look at the environmental conditions that affect sound travel, according to the fisheries service. Five ships and one submarine using sonar were transiting through the channel at the time. The ships were using sonar at a power output of 235 decibels, at mid-range frequencies of 3,500 to 7,500 hertz.
You can take action on the LFA issue by:
Join us in being a "voice for the ocean!" Click http://www.oceanfutures.com to become an Ocean Futures member now - it's easy and it's free. Send your ACTION E-LETTER now from that site..
Let your voice be heard now! Write to your Navy and your local governmental representatives. Ask them to end the Navy's Active Sonar program.
Unfortunately, the US agency in charge for the LFAS hearing will NOT accept comments submitted by email or the Internet. Comments should be mailed to: Donna Wieting, Chief; Marine Mammal Conservation Division; Office of Protected Resources; National Marine Fisheries Service; 1315 East-West Highway; Silver Spring, MD 20910-3226.
Alternatively, you can send your comments to Ms. Wieting by fax: +1-301-713-0376.
And join the: Stop LFAS Worldwide Interactive Newsletter.
This newletter is a very valuable source, produced by a grass-roots group, which began about two and a half years ago in protest over the introduction of SURTASS LFAS sound pressure waves into the ocean waters off Hawaii. Stop LFAS Worldwide is an organisation to bring public awareness internationally to save our oceans and our planet from this acoustic mayhem.
It is an Internet Communication Network for those who are trying to learn more about the acoustic testing and who are concerned with the damage it might cause to marine life, swimmers and divers.
THE GOAL IS TO STOP LFAS AND OTHER HARMFUL WAVE-SOURCES WORLDWIDE !
More and more groups are standing shoulder to shoulder on this matter of acoustic harm, and it is very important to bring the topic to the attention of all people!
Taxpayers in NATO countries: YOUR MONEY IS USED TO CREATE THESE DEVELISH TOOLS ! CITIZENS OF THE WORLD: YOUR GOVERNMENTS ARE NOT PROTECTING YOU ! SAVE OUR SOULS, our oceans and our planet from this acoustic mayhem !
Low Frequency Active Sonar is in the process of being deployed worldwide by the US Navy and NATO to supposedly detect enemy submarines. Recently, the use of high intensity sonars has been associated with massive strandings of cetacean in the Bahamas. Several species stranded and each of those who died were discovered through necropsies to have experienced trauma which damaged their ears and eyes where membranes had ruptured and there was bleeding. This tragic incident coincided with acoustic testing in March of 2000.
In direct contrast to these unnerving events, the Stop LFAS Worldwide Network was involved in litigation in Federal Court. The group filed the paperwork on February 29th along with 10 other plaintiffs all represented by Attorney, Lanny Sinkin. In the midst of the litigation efforts while trying to compile further information about these latest strandings, the Stop LFAS Worldwide Network, founded by Benedick Howard and Cheryl Magill, was recognized by the Earth Society Foundation & received an Earth Day Award, which is both a global honor and responsibility.
While the US Navy has not disclosed actual sound levels, we know through published articles that NATO has been using sound applications called Time Reversed Acoustics which use a playback method to make the underwater sound so focused and so powerful that it can kill and maim whales, dolphins and sea life. It would be useless to compare this sound to another man-made non-explosive noise in another medium because the attenuation of this disruptive force continues many hundreds of miles. And now with Time Reversed Mirroring techniques being employed, the combined background chaos serves as a greater method of focusing the noise at a distance. This is "sound" but it is most useful to think of it as "power."
It has been stated by the US Navy that they wish to use Low Frequency Active Sonar in 80% of the world's oceans. So this involves just about all of us from everywhere!
REALIZE ! The whales that died in the Bahamas had eyes bleeding, and ears bleeding from trauma after being exposed to just ordinary sonar within a channel.
IMAGINE ! The LFAS technology would have impact each time it is used on hundreds of miles of ocean and will be deployed in 80% of the world's oceans, if YOU don't STOP it.
WAKE UP ! The main site address of the the group used to be: http://www.dreamweaving.com/lfas.html and it remains an excellent site! The pages of Links have grown to hundreds of links and people tend to go there for the latest updates.
For many of the Internet Links begin on "Listen to LFAS Viewpoints." To get there, go to: http://angelfire.com/ca/fishattorney/lfaslinks.html
Since that free site now has ads on it, people could also go to the officious site of the group, which is: http://manyrooms.com
You will find that the information and resources are extensive.
Further information is available at http://listen.to/lfas (viewpoints). If you would like to learn more about the stoplfas group, please visit http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stoplfas and http://go.to/stoplfas
To subscribe to the weekly update send blank mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
If this is too much information for you, please rest assured that the most important items also from this source will be broadcasted through the WILD_SEAS list.
ECOTERRA Intl. Nairobi Node http://www.ecoterra.net
http://www.ecoterra.org.uk soon: http://www.ecoterra.de
To subscribe or unsubscribe just send a mail to WILDNET <email@example.com>
From: "Mark Graffis" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Signs Found Round The world...
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2001
Cocktail lounge, Norway:
LADIES ARE REQUESTED NOT TO HAVE CHILDREN IN THE BAR.
At a Budapest zoo:
PLEASE DO NOT FEED THE ANIMALS. IF YOU HAVE ANY SUITABLE FOOD, GIVE IT TO THE GUARD ON DUTY.
Doctors office, Rome:
SPECIALIST IN WOMEN AND OTHER DISEASES.
THE MANAGER HAS PERSONALLY PASSED ALL THE WATER SERVED HERE.
Information booklet about using a hotel air conditioner, Japan:
COOLES AND HEATES: IF YOU WANT JUST CONDITION OF WARM AIR IN YOUR ROOM, PLEASE CONTROL YOURSELF.
Car rental brochure, Tokyo:
WHEN PASSENGER OF FOOT HEAVE IN SIGHT, TOOTLE THE HORN. TRUMPET HIM MELODIOUSLY AT FIRST, BUT IF HE STILL OBSTACLES YOUR PASSAGE THEN TOOTLE HIM WITH VIGOR.
Dry cleaner's, Bangkok:
DROP YOUR TROUSERS HERE FOR THE BEST RESULTS.
Sign in men's rest room in Japan:
TO STOP LEAK TURN COCK TO THE RIGHT.
In a Nairobi restaurant:
CUSTOMERS WHO FIND OUR WAITRESSES RUDE OUGHT TO SEE THE MANAGER.
On the grounds of a private school:
NO TRESPASSING WITHOUT PERMISSION.
On an Athi River highway:
TAKE NOTICE: WHEN THIS SIGN IS UNDER WATER, THIS ROAD IS IMPASSABLE.
On a poster at Kencom:
ARE YOU AN ADULT THAT CANNOT READ? IF SO, WE CAN HELP.
In a City restaurant:
OPEN SEVEN DAYS A WEEK AND WEEKENDS.
One of the Mathare buildings:
MENTAL HEALTH PREVENTION CENTRE.
A sign seen on an automatic restroom hand dryer:
DO NOT ACTIVATE WITH WET HANDS.
In a Pumwani maternity ward:
NO CHILDREN ALLOWED.
In a cemetery:
PERSONS ARE PROHIBITED FROM PICKING FLOWERS FROM ANY BUT THEIR OWN GRAVES.
Sign in Japanese public bath:
FOREIGN GUESTS ARE REQUESTED NOT TO PULL COCK IN TUB.
Tokyo hotel's rules and regulations:
GUESTS ARE REQUESTED NOT TO SMOKE OR DO OTHER DISGUSTING BEHAVIOURS IN BED.
On the menu of a Swiss restaurant:
OUR WINES LEAVE YOU NOTHING TO HOPE FOR.
In a Tokyo bar:
SPECIAL COCKTAILS FOR THE LADIES WITH NUTS.
In a Bangkok temple:
IT IS FORBIDDEN TO ENTER A WOMAN EVEN A FOREIGNER IF DRESSED AS A MAN.
Hotel room notice, Chiang-Mai, Thailand:
PLEASE DO NOT BRING SOLICITORS INTO YOUR ROOM
Hotel brochure, Italy:
THIS HOTEL IS RENOWNED FOR ITS PEACE AND SOLITUDE. IN FACT, CROWDS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD FLOCK HERE TO ENJOY ITS SOLITUDE.
Hotel lobby, Bucharest:
THE LIFT IS BEING FIXED FOR THE NEXT DAY. DURING THAT TIME WE REGRET THAT YOU WILL BE UNBEARABLE.
Hotel elevator, Paris:
PLEASE LEAVE YOUR VALUES AT THE FRONT DESK.
THE FLATTENING OF UNDERWEAR WITH PLEASURE IS THE JOB OF THE CHAMBERMAID
YOU ARE INVITED TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE CHAMBERMAID.
Hotel catering to skiers, Austria:
NOT TO PERAMBULATE THE CORRIDORS IN THE HOURS OF REPOSE IN THE BOOTS OF ASCENSION.
Supermarket, Hong Kong:
FOR YOUR CONVENIENCE, WE RECOMMEND COURTEOUS, EFFICIENT SELF-SERVICE.
From the "Soviet Weekly":
THERE WILL BE A MOSCOW EXHIBITION OF ARTS BY 15,000 SOVIET REPUBLIC PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS. THESE WERE EXECUTED OVER THE PAST TWO YEARS.
In an East African newspaper:
A NEW SWIMMING POOL IS RAPIDLY TAKING SHAPE SINCE THE CONTRACTORS HAVE THROWN IN THE BULK OF THEIR WORKERS.
IN CASE OF FIRE, DO YOUR UTMOST TO ALARM THE HOTEL PORTER.
An advertisement by a Hong Kong dentist:
TEETH EXTRACTED BY THE LATEST METHODISTS.
Tourist agency, Czechoslovakia:
TAKE ONE OF OUR HORSE-DRIVEN CITY TOURS. WE GUARANTEE NO MISCARRIAGES.
Advertisement for donkey rides, Thailand:
WOULD YOU LIKE TO RIDE ON YOUR OWN ASS?
In the window on a Swedish furrier:
FUR COATS MADE FOR LADIES FROM THEIR OWN SKIN.
The box of a clockwork toy made in Hong Kong:
GUARANTEED TO WORK THROUGHOUT ITS USEFUL LIFE.
In a Swiss mountain inn:
SPECIAL TODAY - NO ICE-CREAM.
Airline ticket office, Copenhagen:
WE TAKE YOUR BAGS AND SEND THEM IN ALL DIRECTIONS.
A laundry in Rome:
LADIES, LEAVE YOUR CLOTHES HERE AND SPEND THE AFTERNOON HAVING A GOOD TIME.