December 21, 2001
The Big Brother Files #22: 9-11 Revisited Once Again!
Once again here is for you a constellation of enlightening and informative viewpoints mostly related to the 9-11 events whose consequences keep reverberating in our day-to-day awareness.
This is my last compilation before Christmas. So I'm taking this occasion to wish you all some very good moments of shared happiness and love with those you most cherish during this holiday season - see the attached pic I received from an ERN subscriber
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
P.S. See also my latest Media Compilation #37: Truth is Inescapable - webposted at http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/MediaCompilation37.htm
"A spell is a story we tell ourselves that shapes our emotional and psychic world. The media, the authorities tell a story so pervasive that most people mistake it for reality. We're fighting a righteous war against the Source of All Evil, and everyone supports Bush, and corporate control is the only way to be safe and to provide what we need, and to question is Evil, too."
- Starhawk <firstname.lastname@example.org>
"In the 1980s capitalism triumphed over communism. In the l990s it triumphed over democracy."
- David Korten, The Post-Corporate World
"They (the corporations) are counting on your patriotism to distract you from their plunder. They're counting on you to stand at attention with your hand over your heart, pledging allegiance to the flag, while they pick your pocket."
- Bill Moyers
"When they took the fourth amendment, I was quiet because I didn't deal drugs.
When they took the sixth amendment, I was quiet because I was innocent.
When they took the second amendment, I was quiet because I didn't own a gun.
Now they've taken the first amendment, I'm quiet 'cause I can't say nothing."
- Author unknown
"The two greatest obstacles to democracy in the United States are, first, the widespread delusion among the poor that we have a democracy, and second, the chronic terror among the rich, lest we get it."
- Edward Dowling
"In many respects, we now live in a society that is only formally democratic, as the great mass of citizens have minimal say on the major public issues of the day, and such issues are scarcely debated at all in any meaningful sense in the electoral arena. In our society, corporations and the wealthy enjoy a power every bit as immense as that assumed to have been enjoyed by the lords and royalty of feudal times."
- Robert W. McChesney, Rich Media, Poor Democracy
"Remember Pearl Harbor? 1941. It is now accepted that this wasn't simply a Japanese "surprise attack" but was part of a larger agenda. Known and allowed at the highest levels, this "infamous shock" effectively did arise a wave of patriotic fury and thus did permit the swift entry of the USA
"CIA stands for Capitalism's Invisible Army"
- Buckminster Fuller
"Violence can only be concealed by a lie, and the lie can only be maintained by violence. Any man, who has once proclaimed violence as his method, is inevitably forced to take the lie as his principle."
- Alexander Solzhenitzyn
(All quotes sent by Vadim Nemirovsky <email@example.com>)
1. Questioning September 11th
2. Campaign for Bush Impeachment
3. 9-11 - Where was the CIA?
4. Al Jazeera on the Tape: A Bad Cut & Paste Job?
5. Engineers Study WTC Destruction
OTHER RECOMMENDED ARTICLES
The innocent dead in a coward's war
Estimates suggest US bombs have killed at least 3,767 civilians
Reeling From Riots, Argentina Declares a State of Siege
Argentinian finance minister resigns (And now the Prime minister has also just resigned)
16 die in riots over economy.
How much responsibility do the IMF and World Bank have in this crisis? Is this a foretaste of what is yet to come around the world as the crippled world economy continues to shrink?
Israelis Discuss Security Matters With Arafat's Military
Although it declared Yasir Arafat irrelevant a week ago, the Israeli government signaled today that perhaps there was a little relevance left in him after all.
Refugees meeting hears proposal to register every human in (December 14)
Every person in the world would be fingerprinted and registered under a universal identification scheme to fight illegal immigration and people smuggling outlined at a United Nations meeting today.
From: "Mark Elsis" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Questioning September 11th
Date: Tue, 18 Dec 2001
Dear Jean Hudon
Please take a look at my 32 page investigative report on http://www.MyCountryRightOrWrong.net
Questioning September 11th
NOTE FROM JEAN: This is a detailed analysis of some aspects of the 9-11 plane attacks, including why NORAD, which had almost an hour and a half to do so, did not scramble any F-16 jets from Langley Air Force Base to protect Washington D.C. and the Pentagon, what would have happened if the target had been Indian Point with 3 nuclear power plants, 24 miles north of New York City, and whether the September 11 attacks were staged by the G8/global elite as a pretext for their New World Order Globalization hostile take over campaign, plus a number of other observations already networked to this list over the past couple months.
Date: Mon, 17 Dec 2001
Subject: Campaign for Bush Impeachment
One action that would help expedite a possible impeachment of Bush is for your members to go to
and post hundreds of requests for the Democratic National Party to initiate a recall. If they get enough, it wouldn't take much to get this going. You as a professional know that people are fed up but unless they are willing to take action, we are the victim of the corrupt politicians we allow to sit and rule over us.
A few reasons for impeachment can be found within these many news articles written by mainstream and alternative news media
(Also from http://www.copvcia.com/stories/nov_2001/lucy.html)
9-11 - Where was the CIA?
IF CIA AND THE GOVERNMENT WEREN'T INVOLVED IN THE SEPTEMBER 11 ATTACKS WHAT WERE THEY DOING?
Bin Laden Met with the CIA in July and Walked Away
by Michael C. Ruppert COPYRIGHT 2001
FTW, November 2, 2001 - On October 31, the French daily Le Figaro dropped a bombshell. While in a Dubai hospital receiving treatment for a chronic kidney infection last July, Osama bin Laden met with a top CIA official - presumably the Chief of Station. The meeting, held in bin Laden's private suite, took place at the American hospital in Dubai at a time when he was a wanted fugitive for the bombings of two U.S. embassies and this year's attack on the U.S.S. Cole. Bin Laden was eligible for execution according to a 2000 intelligence finding issued by President Bill Clinton before leaving office in January. Yet on July 14th he was allowed to leave Dubai on a private jet and there were no Navy fighters waiting to force him down. In 1985 Oliver North - the only member of the Reagan-Bush years who doesn't appear to have a hand in the current war - sent the Navy and commandos after terrorists on the cruise ship Achille Lauro. In his 1991 autobiography "Under Fire," while describing terrorist Abu Abbas, North wrote, "I used to wonder: how many dead Americans will it take before we do something?" One could look at the number of Americans Osama bin Laden is alleged to have killed before September 11 and ask the same question. It gets worse, much worse. A more complete timeline listing crucial events both before and after the September 11th suicide attacks, which have been blamed on bin Laden, establishes CIA foreknowledge of them and strongly suggests that there was criminal complicity on the part of the U.S. government in their execution. It also makes clear that the events which have taken place since September 11th are based upon an agenda that has little to do with the attacks.
One wonders how these events could have been ignored by the major media or treated as isolated incidents. Failing that, how could skilled news agencies avoid being outraged, or at least even just a little suspicious?
1. 1998 and 2000 - Former President George H.W. Bush travels to Saudi Arabia on behalf of the privately owned Carlyle Group, the 11th largest defense contractor in the U.S. While there he meets privately with the Saudi royal family and the bin Laden family. [Source: Wall Street Journal, Sept. 27, 2001. See also FTW, Vol. IV, No 7 - "The Best Enemies Money Can Buy," - http://www.copvcia.com/members/carlyle.html]
2. Feb 13, 2001 - UPI Terrorism Correspondent Richard Sale - while covering a trial of bin Laden's Al Q'aeda followers - reports that the National Security Agency has broken bin Laden's encrypted communications. Even if this indicates that bin Laden changed systems in February it does not mesh with the fact that the government insists that the attacks had been planned for years.
3. May 2001 - Secretary of State Colin Powell gives $43 million in aid to the Taliban regime, purportedly to assist hungry farmers who are starving since the destruction of their opium crop in January on orders of the Taliban regime. [Source: The Los Angeles Times, May 22, 2001].
4. May, 2001 - Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, a career covert operative and former Navy Seal, travels to India on a publicized tour while CIA Director George Tenet makes a quiet visit to Pakistan to meet with Pakistani leader General Pervez Musharraf. Armitage has long and deep Pakistani intelligence connections and he is the recipient of the highest civil decoration awarded by Pakistan. It would be reasonable to assume that while in Islamabad, Tenet, in what was described as "an unusually long meeting," also met with his Pakistani counterpart, Lt. General Mahmud Ahmad, head of the ISI. [Source The Indian SAPRA news agency, May 22, 2001.]
5. July, 2001 - Three American officials: Tom Simmons (former U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan), Karl Inderfurth (former Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian affairs) and Lee Coldren (former State Department expert on South Asia), meet with Taliban representatives in Berlin and tell them that the U.S. is planning military strikes against Afghanistan in October. Also present are Russian and German intelligence officers who confirm the threat. [Source: The Guardian, September 22, 2001; the BBC, September 18, 2001.]
6. Summer 2001 - According to a Sept. 26 story in Britain's The Guardian, correspondent David Leigh reported that, "U.S. department of defense official, Dr. Jeffrey Starr, visited Tajikistan in January. The Guardian's Felicity Lawrence established that US Rangers were also training special troops in Kyrgyzstan. There were unconfirmed reports that Tajik and Uzbek special troops were training in Alaska and Montana."
7. Summer 2001 (est.) - Pakistani ISI Chief General Mahmud (see above) orders an aide to wire transfer $100,000 to Mohammed Atta, who was according to the FBI, the lead terrorist in the suicide hijackings. Mahmud recently resigned after the transfer was disclosed in India and confirmed by the FBI.[Source: The Times of India, October 11, 2001.]
8. June 2001 - German intelligence, the BND, warns the CIA and Israel that Middle Eastern terrorists are "planning to hijack commercial aircraft to use as weapons to attack important symbols of American and Israeli culture." [Source: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, September 14, 2001.]
9. Summer 2001 - An Iranian man phones U.S. law enforcement to warn of an imminent attack on the World Trade Center in the week of September 9th. German police confirm the calls but state that the U.S. Secret Service would not reveal any further information. [Source: German news agency "online.ie", September 14, 2001.]
10. August 2001 - The FBI arrests an Islamic militant linked to bin Laden in Boston. French intelligence sources confirm that the man is a key member of bin Laden's network and the FBI learns that he has been taking flying lessons. At the time of his arrest the man is in possession of technical information on Boeing aircraft and flight manuals. [Source: Reuters, September 13.]
11. Summer 2001 - Russian intelligence notifies the CIA that 25 terrorist pilots have been specifically training for suicide missions. This is reported in the Russian press and news stories are translated for FTW by a retired CIA officer.
12. July 4-14, 2001 - Osama bin Laden receives treatments for kidney disease at the American hospital in Dubai and meets with a CIA official who returns to CIA headquarters on July 15th. [Source: Le Figaro, October 31st, 2001.]
13. August 2001 - Russian President Vladimir Putin orders Russian intelligence to warn the U.S. government "in the strongest possible terms" of imminent attacks on airports and government buildings. [Source: MS-NBC interview with Putin, September 15.]
14. August/September, 2001 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average drops nearly 900 points in the three weeks prior to the attack. A major stock market crash is imminent.
15. Sept. 3-10, 2001 - MS-NBC reports on September 16 that a caller to a Cayman Islands radio talk show gave several warnings of an imminent attack on the U.S. by bin Laden in the week prior to 9/11.
16. September 1-10, 2001 - 25,000 British troops and the largest British Armada since the Falkland Islands War, part of Operation "Essential Harvest," are pre-positioned in Oman, the closest point on the Arabian Peninsula to Pakistan. At the same time two U.S. carrier battle groups arrive on station in the Gulf of Arabia just off the Pakistani coast. Also at the same time, some 17,000 U.S. troops join more than 23,000 NATO troops in Egypt for Operation "Bright Star." All of these forces are in place before the first plane hits the World Trade Center. [Sources: The Guardian, CNN, FOX, The Observer, International Law Professor Francis Boyle, the University of Illinois.]
17. September 6-7, 2001 - 4,744 put options (a speculation that the stock will go down) are purchased on United Air Lines stock as opposed to only 396 call options (speculation that the stock will go up). This is a dramatic and abnormal increase in sales of put options. Many of the UAL puts are purchased through Deutschebank/AB Brown, a firm managed until 1998 by the current Executive Director of the CIA, A.B. "Buzzy" Krongard. [Source: The Herzliyya International Policy Institute for Counterterrorism, http://www.ict.org.il/, September 21; The New York Times; The Wall Street Journal.]
18. September 10, 2001 - 4,516 put options are purchased on American Airlines as compared to 748 call options. [Source: ICT - above]
19. September 6-11, 2001 - No other airlines show any similar trading patterns to those experienced by UAL and American. The put option purchases on both airlines were 600% above normal. This at a time when Reuters (September 10) issues a business report stating, "Airline stocks may be poised to take off." 20. September 6-10, 2001 - Highly abnormal levels of put options are purchased in Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, AXA Re(insurance) which owns 25% of American Airlines, and Munich Re. All of these companies are directly impacted by the September 11 attacks. [Source: ICT, above; FTW, Vol. IV, No.7, October 18, 2001, http://www.copvcia.com/members/oct152001.html. ]
21. It has been documented that the CIA, the Israeli Mossad and many other intelligence agencies monitor stock trading in real time using highly advanced programs reported to be descended from Promis software. This is to alert national intelligence services of just such kinds of attacks. Promis was reported, as recently as June, 2001 to be in Osama bin Laden's possession and, as a result of recent stories by FOX, both the FBI and the Justice Department have confirmed its use for U.S. intelligence gathering through at least this summer. This would confirm that CIA had additional advance warning of imminent attacks. [Sources: The Washington Times, June 15, 2001; FOX News, October 16, 2001; FTW, October 26, 2001, - http://www.copvcia.com/members/magic_carpet.html; FTW, Vol. IV, No.6, Sept. 18, 2001 - http://www.copvcia.com/members/sept1801.html; FTW, Vol. 3, No 7, 9/30/00 - http://www.copvcia.com/stories/may_2001/052401_promis.html .
22. September 11, 2001 - Gen Mahmud of the ISI (see above), friend of Mohammed Atta, is visiting Washington on behalf of the Taliban. [Source: MS-NBC, Oct. 7.]
23. September 11, 2001, For 35 minutes, from 8:15 AM until 9:05 AM, with it widely known within the FAA and the military that four planes have been simultaneously hijacked and taken off course, no one notifies the President of the United States. It is not until 9:30 that any Air Force planes are scrambled to intercept, but by then it is too late. This means that the National Command Authority waited for 75 minutes before scrambling aircraft, even though it was known that four simultaneous hijackings had occurred - an event that has never happened in history. [Sources: CNN, ABC, MS-NBC, The Los Angeles Times, The New York Times.]
24. September 13, 2001 - China is admitted to the World Trade Organization quickly, after 15 years of unsuccessful attempts. [Source: The New York Times, Sept. 30, 2001.]
25. September 15, 2001 - The New York Times reports that Mayo Shattuck III has resigned, effective immediately, as head of the Alex (A.B) Brown unit of Deutschebank.
26. September 29, 2001 - The San Francisco Chronicle reports that $2.5 million in put options on American Airlines and United Airlines are unclaimed. This is likely the result of the suspension in trading on the NYSE after the attacks which gave the Securities and Exchange Commission time to be waiting when the owners showed up to redeem their put options.
27. October 10, 2001 - The Pakistani newspaper The Frontier Post reports that U.S. Ambassador Wendy Chamberlain has paid a call on the Pakistani oil minister. A previously abandoned Unocal pipeline from Turkmenistan, across Afghanistan, to the Pakistani coast, for the purpose of selling oil and gas to China, is now back on the table "in view of recent geopolitical developments."
28. Mid October, 2001 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average, after having suffered a precipitous drop has recovered most of its pre-attack losses. Although still weak, and vulnerable to negative earnings reports, a crash has been averted by a massive infusion of government spending on defense programs, subsidies for "affected" industries and planned tax cuts for corporations.
Now, let's go back to the October 31 story by Le Figaro - the one that has Osama bin Laden meeting with a CIA officer in Dubai this June.
The story says that, "Throughout his stay in the hospital, Osama Bin Laden received visits from many family members [There goes the story that he's a black sheep!] and Saudi Arabian Emirate personalities of status. During this time the local representative of the CIA was seen by many people taking the elevator and going to bin Laden's room.
"Several days later the CIA officer bragged to his friends about having visited the Saudi millionaire. From authoritative sources, this CIA agent visited CIA headquarters on July 15th, the day after bin Laden's departure for Quetta "According to various Arab diplomatic sources and French intelligence itself, precise information was communicated to the CIA concerning terrorist attacks aimed at American interests in the world, including its own territory." "Extremely bothered, they [American intelligence officers in a meeting with French intelligence officers] requested from their French peers exact details about the Algerian activists [connected to bin Laden through Dubai banking institutions], without explaining the exact nature of their inquiry. When asked the question, "What do you fear in the coming days?' the Americans responded with incomprehensible silence."
"On further investigation, the FBI discovered certain plans that had been put together between the CIA and its "Islamic friends" over the years. The meeting in Dubai is, so it would seem, consistent with 'a certain American policy.'"
Even though Le Figaro reported that it had confirmed with hospital staff that bin Laden had been there as reported, stories printed on November 1 contained quotes from hospital staff that these reports were untrue. On November 1, as reported by the Ananova press agency, the CIA flatly denied that any meeting between any CIA personnel and Osama bin Laden at any time.
In the most ironic twist of all, FTW has learned that Le Figaro is owned by the Carlyle Group, the American defense contractor which employs George Bush Sr., and which had as investors - until they sold their stake on October 26 - the bin Laden family.
Who do you believe? In coming stories FTW will prove to you that this war, which according to Dick Cheney, may not end in our lifetimes, has been in the works for at least four years.
PROFITS OF DEATH -- INSIDER TRADING AND 9-11
Shocking New Evidence on Insider Trading Connected to 9/11, The CIA and the Markets, Deutschebank, AB Brown, United Air Lines, Insurance companies and the story of Kevin Ingram - an American Deutschebank executive and protege of Goldman Sachs' John Corzine - who pled guilty this year to charges of laundering drug money and financing weapons deals for Islamic terror groups. - A special series by investigative reporter Tom Flocco - edited by Mike Ruppert.
Part I -- Profits of death - December 6, 2001
Part II -- Trading with the Enemy - December 11, 2001
SUPPRESSED DETAILS OF CRIMINAL INSIDER TRADING LEAD DIRECTLY INTO THE CIAs HIGHEST RANKS
CIA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR BUZZY KRONGARD MANAGED FIRM THAT HANDLED PUT OPTIONS ON UAL
Original groundbreaking story on insider trading and September 11th
THE EMPERORS NEW CLOTHES (http://www.tenc.net)
Explosive series exploding the lies told by Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld about the US Air Force on 9-11. As the controversy grows, read the latest developments on this explosive story. In the newest installment see the government documents that prove that if no fighters responded to protect the Pentagon, it was because they were ordered not to. Remember Payne Stewart?
GUILTY FOR 9-11: BUSH, RUMSFELD, MYERS
Andrews Air Force Base is a huge military installation just 10 miles from the Pentagon. On 11 September there were two entire squadrons of combat-ready fighter jets at Andrews. Their job was to protect the skies over Washington D.C. They failed to do their job. Despite over one hour's advance warning of a terrorist attack in progress, not a single Andrews fighter tried to protect the city. The FAA, NORAD and the military have cooperative procedures by which fighter jets automatically intercept commercial aircraft under emergency conditions. These procedures were not followed. CLIP
Read the Top Secret documents describing the Pentagon's plan to attack Americans in order to start a war with Cuba. And you think they wouldn't do it to the World Trade Center?
From: "Mark Graffis" <email@example.com>
Subject: Al Jazeera on the Tape: A Bad Cut & Paste Job?
Date: Fri, 14 Dec 2001
Al Jazeera on the Tape: A Bad Cut & Paste Job?
The Osama Show: Bad Disinformation, Poorly Produced
[It is bizarre that this videotape -- real or fake -- is the best that the US Government can do after months of ignoring constant pleas from all over the world for their "compelling evidence" of bin Laden's guilt, all the while bombing innocent Afghans. After initially promising the world they would produce their so-called "evidence," they stonewalled and instead assigned the British Government to manufacture a long document that is short on facts but heavy on inneuendo. That is not "evidence." If this tape is "evidence," and it's the best they've got, then they have nothing. Far from compelling, it's not even very "credible."
On the same day they release this videotape, which we are supposed to believe was miraculously found by the CIA in a private home in Jalalabad, the US Government is refusing to release to the US Congress documents on all kinds of other criminal investigations -- unrelated to bin Laden-- which were subpoenaed by a bi-partisan group of Congressional representatives. Bush Junior has now stepped into the role of Nixon II, invoking "executive privilege" to deny the legislative branch of the Government information it requires to do its job. Rep. Dan Burton, a member of the illegitimate President's own party, has threatened to take Bush to court for contempt of congress over this outrageous behavior.
If anyone cares to look at their piece of embarrassingly bad video disinformation, go see it at abcnews.com. Decide if you can hear it or, for that matter, if you can even identify the major player with any confidence as Osama bin Laden. -- NY Transfer]
Story from Al Jazeera
13 December 2001
Pentagon releases videotape of Bin Ladin about the attacks
Tape marked by bad sound and picture
* The English translation of the tape attributes to Bin Laden his saying that he did not expect a complete collapse of the two trade center towers and that those who carried out the attacks did not know their mission until they were about to board the hijacked planes.
* A researcher in Islamic affairs tells Aljazeera that the tape is fabricated and that the words of congratulation on it come from the occasion of the marriage of Bin Laden's child.
* Christopher Ross, a US State Department consultant, admits the English translation is not accurate, confirming that he replayed the tape fifty times while working on the translation.
The US Department of Defense has released a videotape "proving" that Osama bin Laden was involved in the September 11 attacks on the United States. According to the tape, which has very bad sound and picture quality, bin Laden says he expected that only three or four stories of the world trade centre towers in New York would be destroyed, not expecting the complete collapse of the two towers.
In the tape, which was broadcast with muffled sound accompanied by English translation, bin Laden said that he believed that the fire in the plane would result in the collapse of the iron infrastructure of the world trade center and consequently the part of the building above where the plane crashed would collapse.
bin Laden, who seems to be speaking to his assistants, added that he anticipated the number of "enemy" killed because of his field experience. According to the tape, he confirmed that those who carried out the September 11 attacks did not know the details of the operation until they were boarding the planes they hijacked, saying that Muhammad Atta was the one in charge of the group which carried out the attacks.
Bin Laden said in the tape that he told his associates when the first plane crashed into the World Trade Center in New York that they should be patient, revealing his knowledge of other hijacked planes. He said that he had been informed in advance of the operation's date and that after work, he listened to the radio with his assistants. He said that it was half past five local time in Afghanistan when he heard news about the plane crashing into the World Trade Center tower and he began to listen to the broadcast where the crash was announced at the end of the bulletin.
Aljazeera hosted a number of analysts to comment on the content of the tape which the US navy found in Afghanistan, according to Washington. [Note: the "find" has been variously attributed to the US Army, the Navy, the "military" and of course to the CIA, which is operating in military drag in Afghanistan, and which is undoubtedly the true source of this Crusade Production.--NY Transfer.]
One specialist in Islamic affairs, Hani Al Sibaei, described the video tape as "fabricated and a scandal for the greatest democratic country in the world."
In a telephone call with AlJazeera from London, he noted the congratulatory wishes on the tape and bin Laden's happy expression, and said that this segment of the tape was taken from a tape of Osama bin Laden being congratulated on the marriage of his child to the child of Aiman Al-Zawaheri -- an event that took place four years ago.
The expert said that it boggles the mind that an organization like AlQaeda would create such simple-minded videotapes and then leave them behind in a private home. He added that bin Laden has twice denied involvement in the attacks and said that he had sworn to Mullah Mohamed Omar, leader of the Talban movement, that the AlQaeda organization pledged it would not plan attacks against other countries from inside Afghanistan.
In contrast, Christopher Ross -- a consultant hired by the US State Department -- says that the tape is genuine and not a fabrication. In a conversation with AlJazeera, he acknowledged he had to replay the tape tens of times in order to hear the conversation because the sound was so bad. He also indicated that in order to improve the translation, he then replayed the tape another 50 times with the translator. He confirmed that the translation is not literal, because of the poor quality of the original tape's sound. Ross said that he considered the tape "proof" that bin Laden had considerable knowledge of the details of the attacks on America, and that he was shocked when he saw bin Laden rejoicing over the attack on the buildings and the murder of people.
Source: Al Jazeera Channel + agencies
Engineers Study WTC Destruction (Wednesday December 12)
NEW YORK (AP) - Inadequate fireproofing may have contributed to the collapse of the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, engineers studying the destruction of the buildings said Wednesday.
Mowrer, a professor of fire protection engineering at the University of Maryland, said it is too early to say definitively whether the inadequate fireproofing played a part in the buildings' collapse. But he said his research so far indicates it should be seriously considered.
``I think that's one of the tracks. One of the good, solid tracks,'' agreed Abolhassan Astaneh-asl, an engineering professor at the University of California in Berkeley.
Mowrer's calculations indicate the planes' fuel, initially assumed to have made the World Trade Center fires much more intense than a conventional building fire, may not have played such a significant role. His calculations show that much of the fuel was burned up in the fireballs that could be seen outside the buildings just after the planes hit. What was left inside the buildings would have been consumed within about 10 minutes.
Other high-rise buildings have survived intense multi-floor fires. In 1988 five floors of the 62-story First Interstate Bank Building in Los Angeles burned for 3 1/2 hours without causing the building to collapse. Three years later, the upper nine floors of Philadelphia's One Meridian Plaza burned until sprinklers eventually extinguished the flames.
``We need to look at the difference between the World Trade Center and these other fires,'' Mowrer said. ``We need to do the analysis and not just assume that just because it was hit by jet planes that (collapse) was inevitable.''
How the WTC fell - BBC (Sep 13, 2001)
Did US jet fire missile into WTC as Ft 175 crashed into Sth Tower?
(More on this in a coming X-Files compilation)
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